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2000jährige Pillen in griechischem Schiffswrack gefunden

Erstellt von hippokrates, 11.09.2010, 20:43 Uhr · 21 Antworten · 1.720 Aufrufe

  1. #1
    Avatar von hippokrates

    Registriert seit
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    2000jährige Pillen in griechischem Schiffswrack gefunden

    2000-year-old pills found in Greek shipwreck


    In 130 BC, a ship fashioned from the wood of walnut trees and bulging with medicines and Syrian glassware sank off the coast of Tuscany, Italy. Archaeologists found its precious load 20 years ago and now, for the first time, archaeobotanists have been able to examine and analyse pills that were prepared by the physicians of ancient Greece.

    DNA analyses show that each millennia-old tablet is a mixture of more than 10 different plant extracts, from hibiscus to celery.

    "For the first time, we have physical evidence of what we have in writing from the ancient Greek physicians Dioscorides and Galen," says Alain Touwaide of the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History in Washington DC.

    The box of pills was discovered on the wreck in 1989, with much of the medicine still completely dry, according to Robert Fleischer of the Smithsonian's National Zoological Park, also in Washington DC.


    Herbal remedies

    Fleischer analysed DNA fragments in two of the pills and compared the sequences to the GenBank genetic database maintained by the US National Institutes of Health. He was able to identify carrot, radish, celery, wild onion, oak, cabbage, alfalfa and yarrow. He also found hibiscus extract, probably imported from east Asia or the lands of present-day India or Ethiopia.

    "Most of these plants are known to have been used by the ancients to treat sick people," says Fleischer. Yarrow staunched the flow of blood from wounds, and Pedanius Dioscorides, a physician and pharmacologist in Rome in the first century AD, described the carrot as a panacea for a number of problems. "They say that reptiles do not harm people who have taken it in advance; it also aids conception," he wrote around 60 AD.

    The concoctions have also thrown archaeobotanists a few curve balls. Preliminary analyses of the ancient pills suggest they contain sunflower, a plant that is not thought to have existed in the Old World before Europeans discovered the Americas in the 1400s. If the finding is confirmed, botanists may need to revise the traditional history of the plant and its diffusion, says Touwaide – but it's impossible for now to be sure that the sunflower in the pills isn't simply from recent contamination.


    Quacks no more

    Drugs described by Dioscorides and another Greek physician known as Galen of Pergamon have often been dismissed as ineffectual quackery. "Scholars and scientists have often dismissed the literature on such medicines, and expressed doubt about their possible efficacy, which they attributed only to the presence of opium," says Touwaide. He hopes to resolve this debate by exploring whether the plant extracts in the pills are now known to treat illnesses effectively.

    He also hopes to discover theriac – a medicine described by Galen in the second century AD that contains more than 80 different plant extracts – and document the exact measurements ancient doctors used to manufacture the pills. "Who knows, these ancient medicines could open new paths for pharmacological research," says Touwaide.

    The team presented their findings yesterday at the Fourth International Symposium on Biomolecular Archaeology in Copenhagen, Denmark.

    Quelle: 2000-year-old pills found in Greek shipwreck - health - 09 September 2010 - New Scientist



    Durch diesen Fund im griechischen Schiffswrack vor der Toscana könnte die Pharmakologie neue Erkenntnisse über die damalige Zeit erlangen.

    Ich bin sehr gespannt über weitere Forschungsfortschritte.



    Hippokrates

  2. #2
    Baader
    Drogen zu Jesu Zeiten.

  3. #3
    Avatar von hippokrates

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    Zitat Zitat von Baader Beitrag anzeigen
    Drogen zu Jesu Zeiten.
    Dass die Ägypter, Griechen und Römer schon damals wussten wie man sich ordentlich zudröhnt, ist sicher.



    Hippokrates

  4. #4
    Avatar von DZEKO

    Registriert seit
    09.08.2009
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    55.022
    Bestimmt Aspirin.

  5. #5

    Registriert seit
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    980
    pillen

  6. #6
    Avatar von H3llas

    Registriert seit
    18.04.2010
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    16.644
    Zitat Zitat von hippokrates Beitrag anzeigen
    2000-year-old pills found in Greek shipwreck


    In 130 BC, a ship fashioned from the wood of walnut trees and bulging with medicines and Syrian glassware sank off the coast of Tuscany, Italy. Archaeologists found its precious load 20 years ago and now, for the first time, archaeobotanists have been able to examine and analyse pills that were prepared by the physicians of ancient Greece.

    DNA analyses show that each millennia-old tablet is a mixture of more than 10 different plant extracts, from hibiscus to celery.

    "For the first time, we have physical evidence of what we have in writing from the ancient Greek physicians Dioscorides and Galen," says Alain Touwaide of the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History in Washington DC.

    The box of pills was discovered on the wreck in 1989, with much of the medicine still completely dry, according to Robert Fleischer of the Smithsonian's National Zoological Park, also in Washington DC.


    Herbal remedies

    Fleischer analysed DNA fragments in two of the pills and compared the sequences to the GenBank genetic database maintained by the US National Institutes of Health. He was able to identify carrot, radish, celery, wild onion, oak, cabbage, alfalfa and yarrow. He also found hibiscus extract, probably imported from east Asia or the lands of present-day India or Ethiopia.

    "Most of these plants are known to have been used by the ancients to treat sick people," says Fleischer. Yarrow staunched the flow of blood from wounds, and Pedanius Dioscorides, a physician and pharmacologist in Rome in the first century AD, described the carrot as a panacea for a number of problems. "They say that reptiles do not harm people who have taken it in advance; it also aids conception," he wrote around 60 AD.

    The concoctions have also thrown archaeobotanists a few curve balls. Preliminary analyses of the ancient pills suggest they contain sunflower, a plant that is not thought to have existed in the Old World before Europeans discovered the Americas in the 1400s. If the finding is confirmed, botanists may need to revise the traditional history of the plant and its diffusion, says Touwaide – but it's impossible for now to be sure that the sunflower in the pills isn't simply from recent contamination.


    Quacks no more

    Drugs described by Dioscorides and another Greek physician known as Galen of Pergamon have often been dismissed as ineffectual quackery. "Scholars and scientists have often dismissed the literature on such medicines, and expressed doubt about their possible efficacy, which they attributed only to the presence of opium," says Touwaide. He hopes to resolve this debate by exploring whether the plant extracts in the pills are now known to treat illnesses effectively.

    He also hopes to discover theriac – a medicine described by Galen in the second century AD that contains more than 80 different plant extracts – and document the exact measurements ancient doctors used to manufacture the pills. "Who knows, these ancient medicines could open new paths for pharmacological research," says Touwaide.

    The team presented their findings yesterday at the Fourth International Symposium on Biomolecular Archaeology in Copenhagen, Denmark.

    Quelle: 2000-year-old pills found in Greek shipwreck - health - 09 September 2010 - New Scientist



    Durch diesen Fund im griechischen Schiffswrack vor der Toscana könnte die Pharmakologie neue Erkenntnisse über die damalige Zeit erlangen.

    Ich bin sehr gespannt über weitere Forschungsfortschritte.



    Hippokrates
    was sind den das genau fuer pillen?

  7. #7
    Avatar von hippokrates

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    Zitat Zitat von H3llas Beitrag anzeigen
    was sind den das genau fuer pillen?
    Man hat jetzt herausgefunden, dass diese Medikamente, welche von griechischen Ärzten hergestellt wurden, aus mindestens 10 Pflanzenextrakten bestehen. Diese wurden für verschiedene Wehwehchen verwendet, darunter auch Hämorrhagien.

    Nun möchten Wissenschaftler genauer herausfinden, welche Wirkung diese Pillen tatsächlich hatten und wie weit die damalige Medizin fortgeschritten war.



    Hippokrates

  8. #8

    Registriert seit
    26.11.2009
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    2.501
    die griechen haben jetzt auch noch die verhütung erfunden?
    was sind den die inhaltsstoffe dieser pillen??

  9. #9
    PašAga
    Wer hats erfunden... die Illyrer ^^

  10. #10
    Avatar von hippokrates

    Registriert seit
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    13.211
    Zitat Zitat von Fatmir_Nimanaj Beitrag anzeigen
    die griechen haben jetzt auch noch die verhütung erfunden?
    Wie kommst du jetzt darauf?

    Zitat Zitat von Fatmir_Nimanaj Beitrag anzeigen
    was sind den die inhaltsstoffe dieser pillen??
    "Fleischer analysed DNA fragments in two of the pills and compared the sequences to the GenBank genetic database maintained by the US National Institutes of Health. He was able to identify carrot, radish, celery, wild onion, oak, cabbage, alfalfa and yarrow. He also found hibiscus extract, probably imported from east Asia or the lands of present-day India or Ethiopia."


    Hippokrates

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