Albanischer Epos - Kenget Kreshnike
Erstellt von Gentos, 03.11.2009, 12:49 Uhr · 466 Antworten · 48.121 Aufrufe
Seit wann ist Krajisnik denn bitte Bosnisch?
Gjergj Elez Alia (Bosnian: Alija Đerđelez, Turkish: Gürz Ilyas) is a popular legendary hero of poetry and literature in Bosnia and Albania. Muslims from Bosnian Krajina modeled the poetic image of Djerzelez Alija after the image of Christian Prince Marko, based on the historic person Ali Bey Mihaloğlu. Songs about Djerzelez Alija were transmitted by bilingual singers from South Slavic milieu to northern Albanian highlands milieu where Djerzelez Alija was renamed to Gjergj Elez Alia.
There are many different versions of the name of this legendary hero: Gürz Ilyas, Gjergj Elez Alia, Djerzelez Alija, Djerzelez Aliya, Djerdjelez Alija, Đerzelez Alija, Gerzelez Alija, Gerz-Ilyas, Gerz-Eljaz, Gerz-Eljas ... His name is derived from Turkish wordgürzi (mace) and means warrior with the mace.
Some historians believed that epic figure of Alija Đerđelez was inspired by Ali Bey Mihaloglu an Ottoman military commander in 15th century and the first sanjakbey of the Sanjak of Smederevo. According to Ottoman census of 1485 he was in charge fornahiya of Dobrun near Višegrad as his timar. There is a turbe (mausoleum) in village Gerzovo (near Mrkonjić Grad, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina) which according to the legend is burial place of Gjergj Elez Alia.
The first written record of epic figure Gjergj Elez Alia (in form of Ali beg) was a form of South Slavic epic and ballad poetry bugarštica The Marriage of Vuk the Dragon-Despot, recorded by Đuro Matei at the end of 17th or beginning of 18th century. In songs recorded in Erlangen Manuscript Djerzelez is mentioned in form of Balibeg.
Alija Djerzelez was epic hero of Bosnian Krajina (frontier region, krajište) from the end of 15th century. Songs which emerged in South Slavic milieu were transmitted by bilingual singers to Albanian milieu. Djerzelez Alija from Bosnian songs had became Gjergj Elez Alia in Albanian song. He is one of many Muslim heroes of South Slavic poetry who exists in Albanian poetry.
Gjergj Elez Alia is legendary hero of South Slavic folklore and literature where his name is used in form Djerzelez Alija. Turkish historian and chronicler Ibn Kemal (1468—1534) wrote about his popularity in folk songs in Bosnia.
Some of the poems which have the name of Djerzelez Alija in their titles are:
- Djerzelez Aliya
- Djerzelez Aliya, the Emperor's Champion
- Đerđelez Alija i Vuk Despotović
- Marko Kraljević and Djerzelez Aliya
- Banović Sekul i Đerđelez Alija
- Oblačić Rade i Đerđelez Alija
- Đerđelez Alija i Starina Novak
- Đerđelez Alija deli mejdan sa Sibinjanin Jankom
- Ženidba Đerđelez Alije
- Sedam kralja traže glavu Đerđelez Alije
- Junaštvo Đerđelez Alije
- Đerđelez Alija i tri gorska hajduka
- Vuk Jajčanin i Đerđelez Alija
- Komlen kapetan traži glavu Đerđelez Alije
- Đerđelez Alija i ban od Karlova
- Zadarski ban i Đerđelez Alija
- Smrt Đerđelez Alije
- Đerđelez Alija ide u Toku
- Tokalija kralj traži glavu Đerđelez Alije
- Đerzelezovo bolovanje
- Otkud je Gerzelez
In Albanian folklore, Gjergj Elez Alia was a great warrior of Albanian tradition. The song Gjergj Elez Alia was recorded by Bernardin Palaj and Donat Kurti in Nikaj (Tropojë District) and published in Tirana in 1937. The song is usually sung in lahute, or occasionally in Çiftelia by Albanian rhapsodes. The song is part of the larger cycle of the Albanian Songs of the Frontier Warriors (Albanian: Këngë Kreshnikësh or Cikli i Kreshnikëve) that crystallized in the 17th and 18th centuries and recorded in written form in first decades of 20th century by the Franciscan priests Shtjefën Gjeçovi and Bernardin Palaj.Although they were transmitted from South Slavic milieu of Bosnia they are not simply translated from Serbo-Croatian, but they independently evolved in northern Albanian highlands.
Schon im 15. Jahrhundert wird Djerzelez laut IBN KEMAL(1468—1534) als Held in bosnischen Volksliedern besungen, bei den Albanern wird er im 16-17 Jahrhundert erwähnt aber erst im 20 niedergeschrieben, bei Djerzelez sieht man die viele verschiedenen Epen mit zb. Marko Kraljevic (1335; † 1394).
Hau Wikipedia in den Müll Aga, Elez Alia ist eine Albanische Legende.
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