General Georgios Tsolakoglou
, who had signed the armistice treaty with the Wehrmacht, was appointed as chief of a new Nazi collaborationist regime in Athens
. He was succeeded as Prime Minister of Greece by two other prominent Greek collaborators: Konstantinos Logothetopoulos
first, and Ioannis Rallis
second. The latter was responsible for the creation of the Greek collaborationist Security Battalions
. As in other European countries, there were Greeks eager to collaborate with the occupying force. Some because they shared the National Socialist ideology
(for instance members of ultra-nationalist political factions and parties), others because of extreme anti-Communism, and others because of opportunistic advancement. The Germans were also eager to find support from the ideologically-similar Greeks, and helped Greek fascist organizations
such as the infamous EEE
(Ethniki Enosis Ellas), the EKK
(Ethnikon Kyriarchon Kratos), the Greek National Socialist Party
(Elliniko Ethnikososialistiko Komma, EEK) led by George S. Mercouris
and other minor pro-Nazi, fascist or anti-Semitic organizations
such as the ESPO
(Hellenic Socialist Patriotic Organization) or the Sidira Eirini
In Nazi ideology, the Greeks were regarded as a German-friendly nation. Hitler admired the ancient Greek civilization, the Spartan model and Hellenic classicism, which inspired many building and artistics endeavours in Nazi Germany. Hitler had no plans to occupy Greece either, and also resisted to Italy's plans to invade Greece, which in the end was for this reason enacted without Mussolini consulting Hitler. Also the fact that Greece in the 1930s had a fascist regime leaded by the germanophile Ioannis Metaxas placed Greece on Hitler's list of potentially friendly nations.
Furthermore, the Italians' failure to conquer Greece after their October 28, 1940 ultimatum and attack gained the Greeks the respect of Germany. For this reason Hitler ordered the Wehrmacht not to take Greek prisoners and allowed them to carry weapons, something no other defeated army was allowed to.