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Griechischer Nationalfeiertag - 25η Μαρτίου 1821

Erstellt von ΠΑΟΚ1926, 25.03.2009, 11:43 Uhr · 197 Antworten · 19.197 Aufrufe

  1. #121
    Avatar von hippokrates

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    Ζήτω το έθνος!


  2. #122
    Avatar von Hakan

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    glückwunsch malakas

  3. #123
    Avatar von Sinopeus

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    Zitat Zitat von Hakan Beitrag anzeigen
    glückwunsch malakas
    Danke kardeşim!

  4. #124

    Ya Özgür Vatan Ya Ölüm

  5. #125
    Avatar von Sinopeus

    Registriert seit
    Zitat Zitat von CAPO Beitrag anzeigen

    Ya Özgür Vatan Ya Ölüm
    Heißt das Freiheit oder Tod? Wie geil!

  6. #126
    Zitat Zitat von Sinopeus Beitrag anzeigen
    Liebe türkische User,

    wir feiern heute keinen militärischen Sieg. Wir feiern die Errichtung des ersten griechischen Staates der Neuzeit. Schnappt euch diesen Griechensmiley und wedelt mit, just for fun.

    Zitat Zitat von Ay ve yildiz Beitrag anzeigen
    an eurer stelle würde ich jeden tag für frankreich, uk und russland beten
    hab schon gestern

  7. #127

  8. #128
    Avatar von Lakedaemon

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    Athanasios Diakos
    Αθανάσιος Διάκος 1786 – 1821 Birth name Athanasios Nikolaos Massavetas
    Αθανάσιος Νικόλαος Μασσαβέτας Nickname Diakos Place of birth Artotina, Phocis Allegiance Greece Rank Captain Battles/wars Greek War of Independence Athanasios Diakos (Greek: Αθανάσιος Διάκος) (1788–1821), a Greek military commander during the Greek War of Independence and a national hero, was born Athanasios Nikolaos Massavetas (Greek: Αθανάσιος Νικόλαος Μασσαβέτας) in the village of Ano Mousounitsa, Phocis.

    [edit] Early life

    The grandson of a local outlaw, or klepht, he was drawn to religion from an early age and was sent away by his parents to the Monastery of St. John The Baptist (Greek: Αγίου Ιωάννου Προδρόμου), near Artotina, for his education. He became a monk at the age of seventeen and, due to his devotion to his faith and good temperament, was ordained a Greek Orthodox deacon not long afterwards.
    Popular tradition has it that while at the monastery, an Ottoman Pasha visited with his troops and was impressed by Athanasios's good looks. The young Athanasios took offence to the Turk's remarks (and subsequent proposal) and the ensuing altercation resulted in the death of the Turkish official. Athanasios was forced to flee into the nearby mountains and become a klepht. Soon afterwards he adopted the pseudonym "Diakos", or Deacon.
    [edit] Klephtis and Armatolos

    Diakos served under a number of local klepht leaders in the region of Roumeli, distinguishing himself in various encounters with the Ottomans. He also served for a time as a mercenary in the army of Ali Pasha at Ioannina, Epirus, where he befriended Odysseas Androutsos, another klepht. When Androutsos became the captain of a unit of armatoloi at Livadeia, Diakos served for a time as his protopallikaro (literally "first warrior", or lieutenant). In the years leading up to the Greek War of Independence, Diakos had formed his own band of klephtes and, like many other klepht and armatoloi captains, had become a member of the Filiki Eteria.
    [edit] Independence fighter

    Soon after the outbreak of hostilities, Diakos and a local brigand captain and friend, Vasilis Bousgos, led a contingent of fighters to capture the town of Livadeia. On 1 April 1821, after three days of vicious house-by-house fighting, and the burning of Mir Aga's residence, including the harem, the Greeks liberated the town. Hursid Pasha sent two of his most competent commanders from Thessaly, Omer Vryonis and Köse Mehmed, at the head of 8,000 men with orders to put down the revolt in Roumeli and then proceed to the Peloponnese and lift the siege at Tripolitsa.
    Diakos and his band, reinforced by the fighters of Dimitrios Panourgias and Yiannis Dyovouniotis, decided to halt the Ottoman advance into Roumeli by taking defensive positions near Thermopylae. The Greek force of 1500 men was split into three sections. Dyovouniotis was to defend the bridge at Gorgopotamos, Panourgias the heights of Halkomata, and Diakos the bridge at Alamana.

    The flag used by Athanasios Diakos and his army of irregulars.

    Setting out from their camp at Lianokladi, near Lamia, the Ottoman Turks soon divided their force. The main force attacked Diakos. The other attacked Dyovouniotis, whose force was quickly routed, and then Panourgias, whose men retreated when he was wounded. The majority of the Greek force having fled, the Ottomans concentrated their attack on Diakos's position at the Alamana bridge. Seeing that it was a matter of time before they were overrun by the enemy, Bousgos, who had been fighting alongside Diakos, pleaded with him to retreat to safety. Diakos chose to stay and fight with 48 men; they put up a desperate hand-to-hand struggle for a number of hours before being overwhelmed.
    The severely wounded Diakos was taken before Vryonis[Need quotation to verify], who offered to make him an officer in the Ottoman army if he converted from Christianity to Islam. Diakos refused the offer, replying "I was born a Greek, I shall die a Greek" ("Εγώ Γραικός γεννήθηκα, Γραικός θε να πεθάνω" transliterated as: Ego Graikos yennithika, Graikos the na pethano). The next day he was impaled. According to popular tradition, as he was being led away to be executed, he said:
    Look at the time Charon chose to take me, now that the branches are flowering, and the earth sends forth grass (Greek: Για δες καιρό που διάλεξε ο Χάρος να με πάρει, τώρα π' ανθίζουν τα κλαριά και βγάνει η γης χορτάρι - Ya thes kero pou dialexe o Haros na me parei, tora p' anthizoun ta klaria kai vganei i yis hortari).
    This was a metaphor for the independence and freedom of Greece.
    The brutal manner[1] of Diakos's death initially struck fear into the populace of Roumeli, but his final stand near Thermopylae, echoing the heroic defence of the Spartan King Leonidas, made him a martyr for the Greek cause. A monument now stands at the bridge near Alamana, the site of his final battle. His birthplace, the village of Ano Mousounitsa, was later renamed Athanasios Diakos in his honour. Also streets and statues in several parts of Greece as well as in nearly every one of the larger towns and cities bears his name.

  9. #129
    Avatar von Lakedaemon

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    Nikitas Stamatelopoulos
    Νικήτας Σταματελόπουλος 1784 – 1849 Nickname Nikitaras
    Νικηταράς Place of death Piraeus, Greece Allegiance Greece Nikitaras (Greek: Νικηταράς) was the nom de guerre of Nikitas Stamatelopoulos (Greek: Νικήτας Σταματελόπουλος) (1784–1849), a Greek revolutionary who fought for Greece's freedom during the Greek War of Independence. Due to his fighting prowess, he was known as the "Τουρκοφάγος" (Tourkofagos) or Turksbane, literally "Turk-Eater".
    The date and place of Nikitaras' birth are disputed, but he is thought to have been born either in the village of Nedoussa in the Peloponnesian province of Messenia or in Leontari in Arcadia circa 1784. He was a nephew of Theodoros Kolokotronis, the most important Greek military leader of the Revolution. Legend says he could jump farther as a child than adults. Turkish authorities tried to capture him, as well as Kolokotronis, but he escaped and joined his uncle in the British-held Ionian Islands.
    When the Greek war of Independence began, both returned to the mainland. He was with Kolokotronis, who commanded the Greek army at the Siege of Tripoli early in the war. When the commander and his men tried to escape the city, Nikitaras and his klephts cut off the escape of the Turkish commander and his troops and slaughtered them. Nikitas achieved fame and his sobriquet "Turk-Eater" in the Battle of Dervenakia, where he is said to have used five swords: four broke from excessive use. During the civil war within the Revolution, he sided with his uncle against the faction around Alexander Mavrokordatos.
    Nikitaras was a strong patriot, not corrupt like many of the leaders of the Revolution. When Ioannis Kolettis asked him to kill a rival, Odysseas Androutsos, in exchange for a government position, Nikitaras refused the offer and became angry with Kolettis. He also refused to take booty after battle, a normal practice of Balkan irregulars at the time. After the Revolution he and his family were living in poverty.
    After the war, Nikitaras was jailed with his uncle Kolokotronis as strong opponents of the Bavarian King Otto of Greece. He was also a strong campaigner for the rights of those who fought in the Revolution. Nikitaras was released from prison in 1841, but the period in jail broke his health and he died in 1849 in Piraeus.
    He is especially famous for his words during the Third Siege of Messolonghi. When he arrived in the city with supplies, soldiers, who had not been paid in months, asked him if he had brought any money. Nikitaras, angry, flung down his sword, a weapon taken from a Turk he had killed, uttering the words: "I have only my sword, and that I gladly give for my country." Nikitaras is remembered in the poem by Nikos Gatsos, "The Knight and Death".

  10. #130
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    Constantine Kanaris

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    Constantine Kanaris
    Κωνσταντίνος Κανάρης
    Konstantinos Kanaris (1790-1877)
    National Historical Museum of Athens Prime Minister of Greece
    In office
    7 June 1877 – 2 September 1877 Monarch George I Preceded by Alexandros Koumoundouros Succeeded by Alexandros Koumoundouros In office
    7 August 1864 – 9 February 1865 Preceded by Zinovios Valvis Succeeded by Benizelos Rouphos In office
    17 March 1864 – 28 April 1864 Preceded by Dimitrios Voulgaris Succeeded by Zinovios Valvis In office
    28 May 1854 – 29 July 1854 Monarch Otto Preceded by Antonios Kriezis Succeeded by Alexandros Mavrokordatos In office
    27 October 1848 – 24 December 1849 Preceded by Georgios Kountouriotis Succeeded by Antonios Kriezis In office
    11 March 1844 – 11 April 1844 Preceded by Andreas Metaxas Succeeded by Alexandros Mavrokordatos Born 1793 or 1795
    Parga, Epirus Died 2 September 1877
    Athens, Greece Nationality Greek Religion Orthodox Christian Military service Allegiance Kingdom of Greece Service/branch Royal Hellenic Navy Years of service 1821–1844 Rank Admiral Battles/wars War of Independence Constantine Kanaris (or Canaris, Greek: Κωνσταντίνος Κανάρης) (1793 or 1795 – September 2, 1877) was a Greek Prime Minister, admiral and politician who in his youth was also a freedom fighter, pirate, privateer and merchantman.[1]


    [edit] Early life

    Constantine Kanaris during the Greek War of Independence.

    He was born in Parga, in Epirus, and grew up on the island of Psara, close to the island of Chios, in the Aegean. His exact year of birth is unknown. The official records of the Hellenic Navy indicate 1795 but modern Greek historians believe that 1793 is more probable.
    Constantine was left an orphan at a young age. Having to support himself, he chose to became a seaman like most members of his family since the beginning of the 18th century. He was hired as a boy on the brig of his uncle Dimitris Bourekas.
    His surname 'Kanaris' is actually a nickname. His original name was Konstantinos Nikolaou Spilioteas. The etymology of his nickname could be derived from the Italian word 'Carenaggio' meaning 'shipyard' or 'dockyard'. From the Greek approximation of 'Karnagios' he became 'Kanarios' and finally 'Kanaris'. However, there is more than one theory to how be may have adopted that nickname.[2]
    His father was Nikolaos Spilioteas and his grandfather was Themistocles Spilioteas.[3][4]
    [edit] Military career

    Constantine gained his fame during the Greek War of Independence (1821–1829). Unlike most other prominent figures of the War, he had never been initiated in to the Filiki Eteria (Friendly Society), which played a significant role in the revolution against the Ottoman Empire, primarily by secret recruitment of supporters against the Empire.
    By early 1821, it had gained enough support to declare a revolution. This declaration seems to have surprised Constantine, who was absent at Odessa. He returned to Psara in haste and was there when the island joined the Revolution on April 10, 1821.
    The island formed its own fleet of ships and the famed seamen of Psara, already known for their successful naval combats against pirates and their well-equipped ships, proved to be effective at full naval war. Constantine soon distinguished himself as a fire ship captain.[5]

    The destruction of the Ottoman flagship at Chios by Kanaris.

    Notably at Chios, where on the night of June 6/June 7, 1822 forces under his command destroyed the flagship of the Turkish admiral Nasuhzade Ali Pasha (or Kara-Ali Pasha) in revenge for the Chios Massacre. The admiral was holding a celebration, while Kanaris and his men managed to place a fire ship next to it. When the flagship's powder store caught fire, all men aboard were instantly killed. The Ottoman casualties comprised 2000 men, both naval officers and common sailors, as well as Kara-Ali himself.
    Constantine led three further successful attacks against the Turkish fleet in 1822–1824. He was famously said to have encouraged himself by murmuring "Konstantí, you are going to die" every time he was approaching a Turkish warship on the fire boat he was about to detonate.
    Egypt was technically a province of the Ottoman Empire at the time but its viceroy Mohammad Ali (1769–1849), had earned enough power to act independently from the Sultan and had formed his own army and naval fleet. It was headed by his adoptive son Ibrahim Pasha (1789–1848). The latter had hired a number of veteran French officers - who had served under Emperor Napoleon I and were discharged from the French army following his defeat - to help organise the new army. By 1824, it counted 100,000 men and was both better organised and better equipped than the Sultan's army.
    Sultan Mahmud II offered to the viceroy the command of Crete, if he agreed to send part of this army against the Greeks. They quickly reached an agreement. The Egyptian army, under the personal command of Ibrahim Pasha, started a successful campaign in both land and sea against the relatively ill-equipped, disorganized and outnumbered Greeks.
    Among other victories, the Egyptian fleet managed to capture Psara on June 21, 1824. A part of the population managed to flee the island, but those who didn't were either sold into slavery or slaughtered. The island was deserted and surviving islanders were scattered through what is now Southern Greece.
    After the destruction of his home island, Constantine continued to lead his men into attacks with minor successes. Despite them, Ibrahim Pasha would be virtually undefeated until the Battle of Navarino of October 20, 1827. Then the Turkish-Egyptian fleet was destroyed by the combined naval forces of Britain, France and Russia, that had taken the Greeks under their "protection".
    Following the end of the war and the independence of Greece, Constantine became an officer of the new Greek Navy, reaching the rank of Admiral, and later became a prominent politician.
    [edit] Political career

    Constantine Kanaris (1790-1877); Photographic Archive of Hellenic Literary and Historical Museum, Athens.

    Constantine Kanaris was one of the few with the personal confidence of Ioannis Kapodistrias the first Head of State of independent Greece.[6] Kanaris served as Minister in various governments and then as Prime Minister, in the provisional government, from March 11-April 11, 1844. He served a second term (October 27, 1848 – December 24, 1849), and as Navy Minister in Mavrokordatos' 1854 cabinet.
    In 1862, he was one of the few War of Independence veterans that helped in the bloodless revolution that deposed King Otto of Greece and put Prince William of Denmark on the Greek throne as King George I of Greece. Under George I, he served as a prime minister for a third term (March 17 – April 28, 1864), fourth term (August 7, 1864 – February 9, 1865) and fifth and last term (June 7 – September 14, 1877).
    Kanaris died on 2 September 1877 whilst still serving in office as Prime Minister. Following his death his government remained in power until September 14, 1877 without agreeing on a replacement at its head. He was buried in the First Cemetery of Athens, where most Greek prime ministers and celebrated figures are also buried. After his death he was honored as a national hero.
    To honour Kanaris, the Hellenic Navy named, in 18 December 1941, a Hunt III type destroyer after him. The Kanaris L51, the former HMS Hatherleigh, was transferred to Greece from the Royal Navy on July 1, 1972. A destroyer, the HNS Kanaris (D-212) (formerly USS Stickell (DD-888)), and on November 29, 2002 a frigate FFG Kanaris (F 464) (a Elli (F 450) class frigate) were also named after him.

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