IMRO (Innere Mazedonische Revolutionäre Organisation)
Erstellt von Metho, 24.01.2014, 17:37 Uhr · 764 Antworten · 23.126 Aufrufe
Macedonia prepares to mark a century since the killing of Jane Sandanski
Labels: 19.-20. Jhdt., Geschichte, Komiti, Pirin Makedonien
Macedonia marks the centennial since the death of Jane Sandanski, a leading military commander of the VMRO and legendary fighter for Macedonian independence from the Ottoman Empire. Nicknamed the Tsar of Pirin, for the mountain where he was born in 1872, and killed in 1915, Sandanski was a VMRO commander for the region of Pirin and the near by region of Serres.
Born in the village of Vlahi, near the city of Sveti Vrac, which is now named Sandanski, in honor of the hero, Sandanski was only 5 when the family had to flee to the regional center of Gorna Dzumaja (now Blagoevgrad) from the fighting caused by the Russian Turkish war. Once the war settled and the defeated Ottoman Empire was never the less allowed to keep Macedonia, this sparked the Kresna uprising, centered in the Pirin region. Ivan Sandanski, Jane's father, was one of the flagbearers of a militia involved in the uprising. Once they were defeated by the Turkish Army, the Sandanskis moved to Dupnica where the family lived in misery, among many refugees from the fighting. Jane grew up in Dupnica, finished two grades of high school, apprenticed for a shoemaker and in his uncle's law office.
While in high school, he begins reading revolutionary literature and becomes dedicated to the idea of continuing his father's struggle. Speaking with the Bulgarian philologist Ljubomir Miletic, who wrote his biography, Sandanski said that even as a child, whenever the kids would play war, he would always take the role of the Macedonian komiti the fighters of the liberation committees.
Between 1892 and 1894, Sandanski joined the Bulgarian army, which was an immensely valuable experience for him. Two years later he begins to connect with the revolutionary movements in Macedonia, which remained wholly under Ottoman rule, even though the Turkish Empire was clearly fragmenting and collapsing. In 1897, Sandanski formed the Mladost (Youth) cultural organization, and after getting in touch with the Dupnica teacher and revolutionary Dimo Hadzi Dimov, and especially after meeting the VMRO leader Goce Delcev, Sandanski decides to join the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization. Delcev, and his ideas for an independent Macedonia, become the main inspiration and ideal for Sandanski.
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Macedonia Marks 110th Anniversary of Death of Nikola Karev
Labels: 19.-20. Jhdt., Komiti
Macedonia marks 110th anniversary of the death of the President of Krusevo Republic, Nikola Karev.
On this occasion, Parliament Speaker Trajko Veljanovski, academician Blaze Ristovski and Director of the Institute of National History Dragi Gjorgjiev are to speak about Karev's life and work.
Parliament delegation will lay flowers at the monument of Nikola Karev in front of parliament building.
Zitat von Makedonec do Koska
Macedonians (Bulgarians) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Notable Bulgarians from Macedonia
See also: List of Macedonians (Bulgarian)
Macedonian Bulgarians have been influential in every field in Bulgarian society, including culture, science, literature, architecture, industry, sports, entertainment, government, and the military.
Many Macedonian Bulgarians have played a prominent role in Bulgaria's independence struggle, such freedom fighters include Ilyo Voyvoda
, Hristo Makedonski
, Georgi Izmirliev
, Ivan Apostolov
, Trayko Kitanchev
, Dine Abduramanov
, Pere Toshev
, Andon Dimitrov
, Petar Poparsov
, Hristo Tatarchev
, Gotse Delchev
, Ivan Hadzhinikolov
, Apostol Petkov
, Dame Gruev
, Boris Sarafov
, Kiryak Shkurtov
, Aleksandar Turundzhev
, Yane Sandanski
, Vasil Chekalarov
, Cyril Parlichev
, Metody Patchev
, Dimo Hadzhidimov
, Nikola Karev
, Slaveyko Arsov
, Kosta Tsipushev
, Mile Pop Yordanov
, Lazar Poptrajkov
, Hristo Batandzhiev
, Hristo Uzunov
, Vasil Adzhalarski
, Manush Georgiev
, Georgi Sugarev
, Todor Aleksandrov
, Dimche Sarvanov
, Petar Chaulev
, Pavel Shatev
, Panko Brashnarov
, Andon Kyoseto
, Ivan Naumov
, Hristo Andonov
, Ivan Mihailov
, Dimitar Gyuzelov
, Mara Buneva
Macedonia Observes 112th Anniversary of Goce Delcev's Death
Labels: Goce Delcev, Komiti
Macedonia observes Monday the 112th anniversary from the death of the ideologist of the Macedonian revolutionary struggle Goce Delcev.
Government and local delegations will lay flowers at his grave in Skopje-based church "St.Spas" and the monument in the City Park.
The Goce Delcev state award for outstanding achievements in all fields of science in the interest of the Republic of Macedonia will also be presented in the Parliament.
Visionary Delcev, who saw the world one century ago as a field for cultural contest among nations, was murdered by the Ottoman army in village Banica on 4 May 1903, while on his way to Ser.
The purpose of his last journey was to prevent or postpone the uprising, which was prepared at the Smilevo congress (May 2-7). Delcev believed political conditions were still not ripe for an uprising, which however occurred three months later (Ilinden Uprising).
Goce Delcev was born on 4 February 1872 in Kukus. He finished high school in Thessaloniki and graduated from the Sofia Military Academy. Delcev worked as a teacher in Stip, but at the same time established a network of bases, committees and units of the secret Macedonian revolutionary organization (TMORO). He took part at the 1896 VMRO congress in Thessaloniki and served as VMRO's representative in Sofia until 1901.
Macedonia Marks 143rd Anniversary of Jane Sandanski's Birth
By laying flowers in front of the Jane Sandanski Monument at the park bearing his name, the mayor of Aerodrom Municipality, Ivica Konevski, marked the 143rd anniversary of the birth of this great Macedonian revolutionary.
A delegation of Aerodrom municipality, its council, primary schools and kindergartens located on the municipality's territory, as well as delegations of other state institutions also laid flowers in front of the monument.
Jane Sandanski, who was known as Sandan or the Tzar of Pirin, was born on May 18, 1872. He was a prominent revolutionary, leader and one of head of the Macedonian Revolutionary Organization. In 1899 he met Goce Delcev and Gjorge Petrov and became a member of the Secret Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (TMORO). He was the main organizer of Miss Stone's abduction. He was against the solutions passed at the Thessaloniki Congress in 1903 regarding the premature uprising. He also took part in the Rila congress in 1905 and in the local Ser country congresses.
Jane Sandanski participated in the First Balkan War, freed the town of Melnik as part of the avant-garde of the Bulgarian army, and he also was involved in the seizure of the Rupel Gorge from where he entered into Thessaloniki with escorts and fought against Bulgarian officers because of his views about autonomous and independent Macedonia.
He died on April 10, 1915, at the age of 43, thus this year will see also the honoring of the 100th anniversary of his death. He was a major adversary of the Bulgarian militant policy towards Macedonia. His work was promoted by his successors - the so-called 'sandanists'.
His most famous saying is: 'To leave means to fight, the slave for his freedom, the free man for perfection".
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