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Die Massaker der Kroaten in der Krainja und dem Medak

Erstellt von lupo-de-mare, 13.08.2005, 18:49 Uhr · 338 Antworten · 17.306 Aufrufe

  1. #71
    Avatar von Ivo2

    Registriert seit
    Zitat Zitat von shvaler
    ja ja diese kroatischen *Anm.Schiptar: Beleidigung einer Ethnie gelöscht*

    Kroatien heute
    Dafür sollte es eine Verwarnung setzen.
    1. Ist dieses Bild nicht in Kroatien aufgenommen worden.
    2. Ist sowas in Kroatien per Gesetz verboten worden.

  2. #72

    Registriert seit
    Zitat Zitat von Ivo2
    1. Ist dieses Bild nicht in Kroatien aufgenommen worden.
    2. Ist sowas in Kroatien per Gesetz verboten worden.
    Hä? Seit wann ist denn das in Kroatien verboten? Dann müsste Euer Thompson ja nur im Knast sitzen. So ein Quatsch.

    Und überhaupt. Die kleinen sehen doch süß in Ihren Uniformen aus. Mach Dir keine Sorgen. Wir regen uns nicht über Pfadfinder auf. Die rennen gleich los und spielen Orientierungslaufen.

    Und der Typ sieht so grimmig aus, weil er weiss, dass die Kleinen nicht vom ihm sind. Echt süße Kinder!

  3. #73
    Avatar von lupo-de-mare

    Registriert seit
    Zitat Zitat von Ivo2
    Dafür sollte es eine Verwarnung setzen.
    1. Ist dieses Bild nicht in Kroatien aufgenommen worden.
    2. Ist sowas in Kroatien per Gesetz verboten worden.
    Das Bild läuft aber über die Kroatische WEbsite

    und auf dem Balkan ist Vieles verboten und kein Gesetz wird umgesetzt. Drogen- und Frauen Handel ist ebenso verboten und oft sind Politiker und Beamte auf dem BAlkan die wirklichen Drahtzieher.

  4. #74
    Avatar von Dinarski-Vuk

    Registriert seit
    Firefight at the Medak Pocket - Documents

    Ottawa will honour Canadians who took part in a little-known battle


    In September, 1993, Canadian troops stationed in an area of Croatia known as Vojna Krajina engaged in a fierce battle with Croatian forces attacking a predominantly Serb enclave. The engagement, little known outside of military circles, was not publicized by the Canadian government, which was hesitant to draw attention to the increasing dangers the country's troops were facing abroad. But this December, Ottawa will finally honour the soldiers who took part in that firefight by presenting them with a unit commendation. Maclean's tells the story of the battle:

    PTE. SCOTT LeBLANC'S machine gun jackhammered against his shoulder as he fired at the Croatian troops dug in 150 metres away. Grenades exploded around him; bullets and orange tracer-fire screamed through the smoky air. The Croatians hammered the Canadians for 15 hours straight -- thinking the 30 soldiers from the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry would buckle and run like other UN peacekeepers had often done. But the Canadians, members of one of three platoons making up the Patricia's Charlie Company, held their ground. "They're trying to flank us," LeBlanc's section leader barked, sending a jolt of adrenalin through LeBlanc's exhausted body. Standing halfway out of his trench, the 19-year-old reservist swung his gun around and opened fire on the Croatians. "We could see muzzle flashes and threw everything we had at them," recalls LeBlanc, now a 28-year-old lieutenant who has just returned from Afghanistan. "After that, everything got real quiet."

    The fierce battle took place in September, 1993, about a year and a half after Canadian peacekeepers had first arrived in the former Yugoslavia. Vicious fighting and appalling acts of ethnic cleansing made their task of disarming and separating the various combatants nearly impossible. Especially volatile was one mountainous region of Croatia called Vojna Krajina, or Military Frontier, home to an isolated pocket of some 500,000 Serbs. Fiercely nationalistic, the Krajina Serbs began to drive out Croats. But on Sept. 9, Croatian Commander Rahim Ademi launched an attack to capture an area of Serb-controlled territory in Krajina called the Medak Pocket. The UN, fearing that 400 Serbs living in four unprotected villages in the area were at risk of being slaughtered by Croatian troops, ordered the Patricia's into the area -- and into the biggest firefight Canadian forces had been involved in since Korea.

    Five months into a six-month tour of duty, the Canadians were led by Lt.-Col. James Calvin, 41. The 875-man battle group was a patchwork of regular and reserve soldiers. In fact, 70 per cent of the front line soldiers were reservists -- a makeup that, Calvin says, could prove dangerous in a war zone. "Reservists are just as long on valour and courage," the now-retired Calvin told Maclean's from his home on Wolfe Island, Ont., near Kingston. "But you can't expect one to do the same things you expect from a regular soldier."

    Still, after four months in the region, Calvin considered his force seasoned, especially with his hand-picked group of platoon leaders, including reservist Lt. Tyrone Green. The morning of Sept. 9 started nicely enough for the Vancouver native in charge of 9 Platoon, Charlie Company, with sunshine poking through the cracks in the boarded windows of the platoon's quarters, a two-storey concrete building on the outskirts of the Serb-held town of Medak.

    But as Green dragged a razor across his chin, his morning shave was interrupted by incoming artillery shells. With soap still clinging to his face, Green, who is now a captain in charge of a Canadian Forces recruiting office in Vancouver, grabbed his helmet and raced to his M-113 armoured personnel carrier. At one point he was knocked down when a shell landed in a nearby ditch. He wasn't hurt, but four Canadians were injured in the shelling. "We counted 500 or more shells by the end of the first day," says Green. "About a dozen fell in our compound and one landed about 10 metres from the front door."

    Not knowing where the shells were coming from, Green sent Sgt. Rudy Bajema to establish an observation post. For the next five days, Bajema watched as the Medak Pocket was attacked by more than 2,500 Croat troops, backed by tanks, rocket launchers and artillery. The Serbs finally slowed the Croatian advance on Sept. 12, but it was not until they launched rockets into a suburb of Zagreb, Croatia's capital, that the Croats relented and accepted a UN ceasefire.

    Calvin, who didn't really expect the Croatians to live up to the agreement, ordered his troops to occupy the Croat positions. "We started taking fire almost immediately from the Croats," recalls LeBlanc. The battle raged for the next 15 hours. It was so intense that at night the light from burning buildings reflected off the soldiers' blue UN helmets, prompting them to wrap them in khaki-coloured T-shirts. Finally realizing the Canadians would not back down, the Croats sent word to Calvin that they wanted to talk. They had good reason to call a truce: the Canadians had killed 27 Croats while not taking a single casualty.

    Joined by Col. Michel Maisonneuve, a Canadian officer from the UN headquarters in Zagreb, Calvin met with Ademi at his headquarters in a town near the fighting. Ademi sat on one side of the table, blustering and yelling at the Canadians. "He looked like he was enjoying the role he was playing," says Calvin. "Emotions were very high and I was irate my men were getting shot at." But after an hour and a half, Ademi finally relented and promised to pull his troops out at noon the next day.

    The Croatian commander, however, was determined to terrorize the Serb civilians living in the area before he left. By 10 a.m. the next morning, a thick umbrella of smoke covered all four towns in the Medak Pocket as the Croats tried to kill or destroy everything in their wake. The Canadians witnessed scenes that still haunt many of them. "They could see what was happening from their foxholes," says Calvin. "My soldiers knew their role was to protect the weak and the innocent and they were absolutely incensed." But fearing the ceasefire agreement with Ademi would collapse if they advanced, the Canadians could do nothing but hold their ground.

    Finally, when the noon deadline passed, the Canadians raced ahead, but immediately encountered a company of Croat troops behind a barricade -- and supported by missiles launchers and an ominous Soviet-era T-72 tank. Calvin approached the senior Croat brigadier; their conversation quickly became heated. The large, bearded Croat ordered his men to cock their weapons and point them at the Canadians. "We knew they were stalling so they could clean up evidence of their ethnic cleansing," Calvin recalls.

    Calvin did not order his troops to fight, and instead tried another gambit. With the Medak attack almost a week old, the international media had converged on the area. As negotiations with his bearded counterpart deteriorated, Calvin held a news conference in front of the barricade and bluntly described the atrocities he believed were being committed by the Croatians. Realizing his country's reputation was in jeopardy, the Croat commander suddenly stepped aside. "The transformation was instantaneous," says Calvin. "He made a big show of removing the barriers."

    The Patricia's then pushed on. Every building in their path had been demolished and many were still smouldering. Corpses lay by the side of the road, some badly mutilated and others burned beyond recognition. "We knew it was going to be bad," says Green, "but the things we found there were worse than anything we expected."

    The Canadians documented everything they saw. Calvin's subsequent report helped convince the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia to issue an indictment in 2001 against Ademi, charging him with crimes against humanity. Made public one year ago, the report is a brutal list of murder and torture. Among the victims: Sara Krickovic, female, 71, throat cut; Pera Krajnovic, female, 86, burned to death; Andja Jovic, female, 74, beaten and shot. In all, the Patricia's found 16 mutilated corpses -- some with their eyes cut out.

    The soldiers rotated home four weeks later, but there was no hero's welcome. At the time, Canadians were focused on the disturbing revelations that a teenager named Shidane Arone had been tortured and killed by Canadian peacekeepers in Somalia. Kim Campbell's Conservative government was also facing a federal election and didn't want the increasing dangers Canadian troops were facing in the Balkans raised as an issue. "When we got back to Canada a couple of weeks later, the first thing I did was call home," says LeBlanc. "My folks hadn't heard anything about the battle."

    The force did receive high honours from the United Nations in 1994, when its members were given the United Nations Force Commanders' Commendation -- the first of its kind and only one of three ever awarded. And, this December, the Canadian government finally plans to honour the troops by presenting them with a unit commendation. But the honours only go so far. With vivid memories of the battle, many of the soldiers still suffer from post-traumatic stress syndrome.

    As for Ademi, his case rests in legal limbo. After the indictment, he voluntarily turned himself over to the war crimes tribunal, proclaiming he had a clear conscience because "I did not order any atrocities." Last February, the UN granted him a provisional release on condition he return to The Hague when the trial proceeds, likely next year. Calvin may be called to testify. "Ademi should be called to account," he says. "No soldier should be able to get away with that."

  5. #75
    Avatar von lupo-de-mare

    Registriert seit
    Zitat Zitat von Dinarski-Vuk
    Firefight at the Medak Pocket - Documents

    Ottawa will honour Canadians who took part in a little-known battle

    Der link geht!

    Der Autor ist aber ein echter Kriegs Bericht Erstatter und an vordester Front. Er schreibe Viele Bücher

  6. #76
    Avatar von Dinarski-Vuk

    Registriert seit
    Danke Lupo :wink:

    Army, Navy and Air Force Veterans in Canada — Unit 31
    Peacekeepers Memorial Statue Unveiling

    Your Worship Mayor Don Amos, President of Provincial ANAF Don Mann, Distinguished Guests and Honoured Army, Navy and Air Force Veterans and Peacekeepers of Unit 31, proud families and friends:

    We are approaching the 10th anniversary of the Medak Pocket engagement against Croatian Forces in the Bosnian War, which will be observed on October 8th this year. Next year it is ten years since the slaughter in Rwanda. As your Lieutenant Governor and as an Honourary Colonel of 19 Wing Comox it has been my honour on several occasions to present awards to young Canadian Peacekeepers who distinguished themselves in that conflict. As a result, I have some insight into what occurred at the Medak Pocket, which like so many of the battles of the past in which Canadians have been involved is publicly little known and less acknowledged. I can not think of a better time to unveil this Memorial Statue to the young men and women who acting as Peacekeepers who have served and as are currently deployed as in Afghanistan, under the auspices of the United Nations or NATO in the name of Canada’s contribution to a safer world.

    Army, Navy and Air Force Veterans in Canada - Unit 31 Peacekeepers Memorial Statue Unveiling

    When we speak of veteran Peacekeepers, as with our honoured War Veterans, we tend to picture them in our mind’s eye as the valiant, elderly men of Battles who fought in a long ago past. I submit that although that picture is true in some respects, those we see were once the very young, who engaged in fierce fighting on our behalf in any of dozens of violent situations around the world in the past century. In terms of Peacekeeping particularly we think of the stalwart blue-bereted soldier, quietly on guard between recently opposing forces, which while also true, increasingly includes keeping peace where there is very little of it to be kept, while engaged more peace MAKING than Peacekeeping. That is why the memorial statue that we unveil together today here in Sidney is of such importance because it reaches across the many misconceptions of Peacekeeping to depict young members of the Canadian Armed Forces as they really are with one in a 1980’s uniform and another in the Kevlar and C~7 equipment of today.

    Corporal Adam Smith is an example of a Peacekeeper who wears the 2003 uniform. He is a reserve Infantry member in the 1st Royal New Brunswick Regiment who I had the honour to decorate on behalf of Canada’s Governor General for action taken when he was attached in 1993 to the 2nd Princess Patrician Light Infantry, serving as a Peacekeeper in Croatia. Corporal Smith distinguished himself at the Medak Pocket, under heavy fire, when he helped extricate and treat a wounded French Peacekeeper from a known minefield. In 1997 Adam Smith was transferred to Quebec and Ontario serving the whole Canadian community during the emergency of the 1998 Ice Storm, just as nearly 3,000 Canadian Forces men and women did this summer against British Columbia’s devastating forest fires. Corporal Smith followed with another tour of duty to Bosnia and in 2001, re-mustered to the Military Police and is posted today to 19 Wing Comox.

    I think it is fair to say that the misconceptions in some minds in regard to the nature of Peacekeeping are gradually being overcome by actions such as your determination to create this Memorial Statue. As we are all aware, Canadians have a distinguished martial history earned both in war as well as in peace. In my experience with a number of Canadian Non-Governmental missions abroad, I have observed that when War has caused such destruction and pain, the people affected have little to celebrate, when what we call Peace finally arrives. We have only to look at Iraq today to see the issues clearly drawn. There is nothing so irrational as a people who have been stripped of their humanity and dignity to suffer the overwhelming emotional and physical loss of war. Desperation is very often the situation facing Peacekeeping Forces. They enter from our Canadian existence into quite another world, where the raw wounds of recent conflict, threaten to re-open on the slightest pretext. There are often unsuspected dangers on every hand and our young people trained in defense and offense quickly observe that it takes a very great deal of human skill and professionalism to re-establish a shattered peoples and devastated nations!

    It is only natural that Canadians raised in generations of Peace, should seek for others the same security and freedom that has for so long been our birthright. Young Canadian Men and Women who are placed between recent combatants deserve our utmost respect and admiration. Much of the reputation that this country enjoys has been earned through the dedication of our Peacekeepers. Canada has attained global admiration for the protection it has afforded to our own citizens here at home in terms of civil and political rights.

    While in the world, Canada has been in the very front ranks of protecting the human rights of others. In addition, our country has led initiatives such as the International Criminal Court that will ultimately end the ‘Impunity’ with which death is dealt our in too many countries in the world. Canada has helped realize the Land Mines Moratorium that has already saved millions of the world’s people for maiming and death. When the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to the world’s Peacekeepers in 1998, Canadians were there. Our country has benefited greatly in terms of prestige and public respect gained from the hard duties that have been carried out by our many peacekeeping missions.

    In recognition of this proud Canadian record of duty, service and sacrifice, a Peacekeeping Monument was erected in Ottawa titled “Reconciliation” and is a beacon for all those who seek resolution global conflict by more constructive and Peaceful means. This statue in Sidney echoes the Ottawa one and is a tribute to Peacekeepers everywhere that has been spearheaded by Unit #302 of the Army, Navy and Air Force Veterans of the Canada Sidney Museum.

    Remembrance Day is not far off, services in recent years have been larger than in any in memory, The Canadian Legion reports unprecedented sales of poppies, right across the whole spectrum of the communities we share, with young people, even pop stars and citizens of every background coming to the fore in respect for the service and sacrifice made in our name by members of the Canadian Armed Forces as both Peacekeepers and Warriors. Today, we offer our thanks to the Peacekeepers for their incalculable gift of courage, forbearance and good will, by which they insure our security with their lives.

    As representative in British Columbian of Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth, the Queen of Canada, it is my honour to participate in the unveiling this Peacekeeping Statue on behalf of all our fellow citizens. In their name we are pledged by this act to remember and respect those who have served and to those who have died in the quest for Peace. Assuring that CANADA’S PEACEKEEPERS will always be honoured and their sacrifice on behalf of this their home-nation and those countries in which they have served, which all owe each of them so much!

  7. #77
    Avatar von Dinarski-Vuk

    Registriert seit
    19 Wing Comox Medak Pocket Commendation Presentation

    Wing Commander, Colonel Price, Medal Honourees, comrades, families and friends:

    Last December in Winnipeg, Her Excellency the Governor General presented Lt. Colonel Mike Day Commanding Officer of the Second Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian light infantry (2 PPCLI) with the Royal Pennant depicting gold bar with vice regal lion that today flies perpetually underneath the Canadian flag at all the unit lines.

    The 2 PPCLI battle group was awarded this exceptional commendation for courageous and professional execution of duty during the Medak Pocket Operation in the former Yugoslavia in September 1993. Facing enemy artillery, small arms and heavy machine gun fire as well as anti tank and anti personnel mines, the members of the battalion group held their ground and drove the Croatian forces back from their ongoing 'ethnic cleansing', which was also being carried out by Serb forces in other theatres of this tragic war. There is no doubt that the exemplary actions undertaken at the Medak Pocket by Canadians at this time saved the lives of uncounted innocent civilians.

    Today we honour:

    Master Corporal Kilback joined the Canadian Forces in Kamloops in 1990. Following training in Ontario, Master Corporal Kilback was posted to Calgary from 1991 to 1995 during which he completed a tour in Operation Palladium. Then was back to Kingston for TQ5 unit 1996 with a posting 79 Communication Regiment where he travelled steadily from Greenwood through many postings including Trenton, Gagetown, Camp Zouani (Elgorah), Yellowknife and Esquimalt as well as a tour with Operation Harmony.

    Posted to 19 Wing Comox in 1999, Master Corporal Kilback is recently returned from Operation Apollo, we commend Master Corporal Kilback and his fiancée Ruth who are anticipating a summer wedding.

    Corporal T. D. Young was born at the Canadian Forces Base in Warstein, West Germany and also joined the Forces in 1990. With Training in Cornwallis, Corporal Young was posted to Wainright, Alberta to the PPCLI Battle School to become an Infanteer. On his graduation, Corporal Young was posted to 2nd Battalion in Winnipeg.

    With two tours as a Peacekeeper in the Former Yugoslavia, the first for the UN and the second for NATO, Corporal Young was awarded the CDS Commendation for his actions at a motor vehicle accident in Alberta in which he assisted in saving a life. He was posted to CFSME, as an LOTP to the Engineers as a Construction Technician at Gagetown before being posted with his family of wife Lia and daughter Morgan to 19 Wing Comox in 2002.

    Each of the 875 Canadians who served as Medak Soldiers and that number includes some 400 Reserve Force Soldiers are honoured with a Unit Commendation, created a year ago to recognize this outstanding service to Canada and to the world's peoples of forcing a halt to 'ethnic cleansing' at a critical juncture in the Balkan hostilities in which they were engaged.

    It is my honour as representative of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth, the Queen of Canada in British Columbia to present Master Corporal Kilback and Corporal Young with this commendation for exceptional service to Canada and to the World.

  8. #78
    Avatar von Dinarski-Vuk

    Registriert seit
    Professionalism Under Fire: Canadian Implementation of the Medak Pocket Agreement, Croatia 1993

    In fact, Operation Deliverance was only one of dozens of missions carried out by Canadian soldiers, sailors, and aircrew during the past decade. Before accepting the commission’s condemnation of the professionalism and leadership of the armed forces, and of the army in particular, it would be useful to scrutinize other military activity during the same period. The Balkans are a good place to start. Indeed, Canadian experience in the Former Yugoslavia is more representative of the nation’s military experience in the 1990's than the rather unusual case of Somalia.

    Since 1992, tens of thousands of Canadian military and naval personnel have endeavoured to restore peace to the Balkans. They have acted as peacekeepers, negotiators, aid workers, and quite often as combat soldiers. Initial examination of a number of Canadian missions to the region in 1992-94, including those at Sarajevo, Srebrnica, and the Medak Pocket, seem to contrast with the Somalia Commission’s findings about poor leadership and training. What follows is a closer investigation of Canadian efforts to implement the Medak Pocket Agreement in 1993 to determine if the nation’s armed forces were truly at their “nadir” during the fateful year of the Somalia scandal.

    In mid-September 1993 United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR) soldiers from 2nd Battalion, Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry (2PPCLI) advanced into the disputed Medak Pocket in southern Croatian with orders to implement the latest cease-fire between Croatian Army troops and Serb irregular forces. 2PPCLI were reinforced with two mechanized companies of French troops. The Canadians, well schooled in the delicate art of “peacekeeping”, discovered their negotiation skills and strict impartiality were not immediately required the Medak Pocket. Instead they found themselves calling upon their primary war-fighting skills when Croatian Army units opened fire with machine-guns, mortars and artillery in an effort to stop the Canadian advance. To complete their assigned mission the Patricia’s were required to threaten the use of, and ultimately use, deadly force against Croatian units. However, the true test of military professionalism and discipline came after the smoke cleared, the Croatians backed down and the Canadians immediately reverted to their role as impartial peacekeepers in their dealings with individuals who only moments before had attempted to kill them.

    Resolute Canadian and French action came at a time when the UN reputation in Croatia was at a low ebb due to repeated failures to secure the infamous United Nations Protected Areas (UNPA’s). Colonel George Oehring, commander of UNPROFOR Sector South, claimed the Princess Patrcia’s “won for the whole mission a credibility and respect that will be long remembered by the opposing parties and much facilitate our future efforts here.” For their efforts, 2PPCLI was awarded a United Nations Force Commander’s Commendation from French General Cot, the first of its kind of one of only three awarded in UNPROFOR’s history.

    Of course, the Canadians originally went to the Former Republic of Yugoslavia to protect a fragile truce, not to impose peace on warring factions locked in a bloody civil war. Until the early 1990's Yugoslavia was a federation of consisting of six republics including Croatia, Serbia, Montenegro, Slovenia, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Macedonia, all quite similar in language, culture and custom. Despite the presence of ultra-nationalist movements in each republic, the Yugoslav federation existed harmoniously earning international acclaim and the privilege of hosting the world at the 1984 Winter Olympics.

    The collapse of centralized communist authority in Yugoslavia during the late 1980's brought nationalists in each republic into mainstream politics. In Serbia, Slobodan Milosevic and in Croatia Franjo Tudjman, rose to power by destroying the carefully constructed Yugoslav identity in favour of a new nationhood based on blood and religion. In the process, Serbia, most powerful of the six republics, attempted to take control over the crumbling federation. This did not appeal to growing nationalist movements in Croatia and Slovenia resulting in declarations of independence in 1991, followed closely by a similar move in Bosnia. Croatia and Bosnia contained large numbers of ethnic Serbs, hostile to the federal breakup. Croatian and Bosnian Serbs established paramilitary forces to resist their respective new governments leading to two distinctly separate civil wars.

    During the opening months of these wars, the Yugoslav National Army (JNA), on orders from Belgrade, openly intervened to prevent the breakup of the federation. JNA involvement usually meant assisting Serb militias in Croatia and Bosnia. However, the regular army was a mirror of the old federation and thus suffered from the same problems of divided loyalties. Non-Serb officers and senior NCO's left the JNA to join the new national armies of their home republics. This exodus of non-Serbs destroyed cohesion in the JNA, thus eliminating the only modern professional military force in Yugoslavia. With no army left to implement its goals and an economy on the verge of collapse, Serbia gradually withdrew from conflicts in Croatia and Bosnia, leaving Serb minorities there to fend for themselves against the newly created Bosnian and Croatian armies. Serb militias acquired weapons, vehicles, and even volunteers from the JNA as it withdrew, while newly created Croatian and Bosnian forces received equipment from outside sources like Germany and the United States. However, equipment alone does not build an army. It would take years before the various militias and armed gangs would coalesce into professional military forces.

    For most of the period between 1992-95, the Yugoslav wars of succession were waged by amateurs. When the JNA was removed from the equation, they took with them the normal codes of conduct held by modern professional military officers. Rival militias fired weapons in the vicinity of opposing troops, more often than not, intent on killing civilians. The result was to create a pattern of combat where military casualties were few. The new armies knew how to kill, but not how to wage war against other soldiers properly. Unprotected civilians were a different matter. And so, the objective in these wars was not to defeat the opponent’s combat power but to consolidate new ethnic nation-states by killing or driving out those who did not fit.

    For most of the period between 1992-95, the Yugoslav wars of succession were waged by amateurs. When the JNA was removed from the equation, they took with them the normal codes of conduct held by modern professional military officers. Rival militias fired weapons in the vicinity of opposing troops, more often than not, intent on killing civilians. The result was to create a pattern of combat where military casualties were few. The new armies knew how to kill, but not how to wage war against other soldiers properly. Unprotected civilians were a different matter. And so, the objective in these wars was not to defeat the opponent’s combat power but to consolidate new ethnic nation-states by killing or driving out those who did not fit.

    The United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR) entered this storm in 1992, first in Croatia and later in Bosnia. In Croatia, the UN brokered a cease-fire between the new Croatian government in Zagreb and minority Serbs who sought independence from the new state. The peace agreement included establishment of a UN patrolled buffer zone in under Chapter VI of the UN Charter. Both parties welcomed the cease fire, when in fact it held, as an opportunity to build their military capabilities until such time as victory could be assured. This was the environment faced by Canadian soldiers making up UNPROFOR’s Canadian Battalion Number 1 in 1993.

    The second rotation of CANBAT 1 was based on the “regular force” 2nd Battalion of Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry. However, of the 875 soldiers making up the battlegroup, only 375 actually came from that unit. One hundred and sixty five came from other regular force units and assignments. The remainder consisted of 385 reserve soldiers who had volunteered from militia units across the Canada. Due to the requirement for highly skilled and experienced regular soldiers in support and technical trade positions within the battlegroup and the overall shortage of combat infantry soldiers in the Canadian Army, the majority of those reservists served in the rifle companies. In fact, reserve soldiers made up 70% of rifle company strength during the mission. This includes 7 out of the 12 platoon commanders who came from militia battalions as Reserve Entry Scheme Officers (RESO).

    Reserve augmentation was not new in the Canadian Army. For decades, under-strength regular battalions had their ranks filled out with reservists before deploying to Cyprus. Indeed, after much debate in the Canadian defence community, providing regular unit augmentation with individual soldiers became a primary role for reserve regiments in the 1990's. Augmentation was particularly vital during the time of immediate post-Cold War conflict proliferation, a corresponding spike in the number and intensity of peacekeeping missions combined with shrinking personnel pools and budgets. This was especially true in 1993 when the army, now known as Land Forces Command, was stretched nearly beyond its means; providing two battlegroups to the Former Yugoslavia (the other in Bosnia), one to Somalia and a number of other units, detachments and individual soldiers to a myriad of missions around the world. Nevertheless the 2 PPCLI Battlegroup in Croatia contained the highest concentration of reserve soldiers on an operational mission to date. The standard of Militia performance in a tense and demanding theatre like Croatia, remained to be seen.

    The 2PPCLI Battlegroup spent the first three months of 1993 conducting preparation training first in Winnipeg, and later in Fort Ord, California. Much of this time was spent working the large reserve compliment up to basic regular force standards for section and platoon battle-drills. There was no time to properly exercise companies, let alone the whole battalion. Besides, section and platoon skills were generally all that is required of soldiers manning observation posts on UN peacekeeping duty. No one could know that the 2 PPCLI platoons would be called upon to gel together and go into action as a full battalion.

    2 PPCLI moved to Croatia at the end of March 1993, replacing 3 PPCLI on what Land Forces Command referred to as Operation Harmony. At that time, UNPROFOR’s CANBAT 1 was responsible for a UN Protected Area in Sector West, in the north-western corner of Croatia. It was there that Lieutenant-Colonel James Calvin, commanding the 2PPCLI Battlegroup, and his troops developed a reputation among the warring parties and their fellow UN contingents for being fair, but tough.

    Unlike units from most other international contingents, Canadian battalions operated with its full compliment of war-fighting weaponry and equipment. Rifle companies travelled in M-113 Armoured Personnel Carriers (APC’s) configured in an American armoured cavalry fashion with an armoured cupola offering some protection for crewmen manning the powerful Browning .50 calibre machine-gun. The companies also carried along with them C-6 medium machine-guns and 84mm Carl Gustav anti-tank rocket launchers to add to platoon weaponry consisting of C-7 automatic rifles and C-9 light machine-guns.

  9. #79
    Avatar von Dinarski-Vuk

    Registriert seit
    Unlike units from most other international contingents, Canadian battalions operated with its full compliment of war-fighting weaponry and equipment. Rifle companies travelled in M-113 Armoured Personnel Carriers (APC’s) configured in an American armoured cavalry fashion with an armoured cupola offering some protection for crewmen manning the powerful Browning .50 calibre machine-gun. The companies also carried along with them C-6 medium machine-guns and 84mm Carl Gustav anti-tank rocket launchers to add to platoon weaponry consisting of C-7 automatic rifles and C-9 light machine-guns.

    Rifle company firepower was amplified by the heavy weapons of Support Company including 81mm mortars and TOW (Tube-launched, Optically-tracked, Wire-guided) anti-armour guided missiles mounted in armoured turrets aboard purpose-built APC’s. Canada was among the first member nations to deploy blue-helmeted soldiers with this kind of firepower when UNPROFOR first deployed to Croatia in 1992. This sort of stance was not initially well received in UN Headquarters in New York, where the traditional notion of lightly armed blue-bereted peacekeepers prevailed. However, by 1993, the value of well-armed forces in the Former Yugoslavia, where the consent of the warring parties was not always apparent, was well understood.

    Once on the ground, 2 PPCLI earned their tough reputation not only with their equipment, but by their demonstrated willingness to use it. Not long after their arrival, the battalion conducted a major defensive exercise in the sector. The exercise was intended partially to complete the battlegroup’s collective training and improve force cohesion, but also to demonstrate to the Croats that an attack into the UN Protected Area in Sector West would and could be resisted by the UN.

    The Patricia’s vigorously enforced weapons bans in their area of operations, seizing contra-band arms of all types from both warring factions. Colonel Calvin also, on his own initiative, developed a procedure to deter Croat and Serb patrolling and raiding within the Protected Area. Previously, belligerent soldiers detained by the UN after engaging in such activity would be returned to their own authorities for punishment. Calvin began releasing detainee’s to the opposing forces with UN civilian police keeping a close eye to ensure punishment was not ‘terminal’.

    After five months of in-theatre training coupled with hands on practice, the 2PPCLI Battlegroup became one of the most effective and respected units in all of UNPROFOR. It was for that reason that the new Force Commander, French Army General Cot, selected them to move to Sector South to undertake one of the more difficult assignments in United Nations peacekeeping history.

    Unlike 2PPCLI’s relatively tranquil former area of responsibility, Sector South was still a war zone. It was here that Croatian Serbs most fiercely resisted the notion of living under Zagreb’s rule. Croatian and Serb troops routinely exchanged small arms, mortar and artillery fire all over the area. This steady exchange of fire was punctuated in 1993 by several major Croatian offensives, including “Operation Maslencia” in January. At Maslencia, French troops guarding the UN Protected Area were forced to abandon their positions when faced with heavy Croatian fire. The French withdrawal allowed advancing Croatian units to occupy the supposedly de-militarized buffer zone. This event destroyed Serb confidence in the force mandated to protect them. It also taught the Croatians that a few well directed bullets and shells would send the blue-helmets packing anytime they wished to remove prying UN eyes.

    Nonetheless, by summer of 1993 both sides had been pressured by the international community into a new ceasefire in Sector South known as the Erdut Agreement. Under the terms of this agreement, Croatian forces would withdraw from many of the territories gained in the Maslencia offensive. The Canadian battlegroup, reinforced with two mechanized French companies brought in from Bosnia and northern Croatia, was ordered to ensure that Croatia followed through with the agreement.

    General Cot anticipated that Croatian troops would be reluctant to withdraw from their hard-won gains. This is why he chose the well armed and highly effective CANBAT 1 to implement the agreement and restore UN presence in Sector South. Cot expected and even hoped for trouble as he was looking for an opportunity to win back UN credibility lost in January. He would get his wish.

    While Cot expected trouble, he may not have been aware of the extent to which Croatian forces used the Erdut negotiations to shield preparations for a renewed offensive in Sector South. On 9 September, as lead UN elements moved into the village of Medak, the Croatian 9th “Lika Wolves” Guards Brigade commenced its assault on the salient section of front known as the Medak Pocket. Intelligence assessments later indicated the Croats were most likely attempting to push back the frontline so that their operational zone headquarters in the town of Gospic would be out range from Serb gunners located in the long narrow Medak salient. They may also have intended to drive a corridor to the Dalmatian coast, or draw attention away from domestic political controversies back in Zagreb.

    The Lika Wolves Guards Brigade were well supported with tanks and artillery, including a squadron of former East German Army T-72's as well as older model Warsaw Pact armour. However, while the Croat force contained all the trappings of a modern mechanized army, it applied its combat power in very rudimentary fashion. Artillery was used to lay down a simple creeping barrage while the infantry and armour advanced without any degree of co-ordination. As Croat armour pushed down the main road along the valley between Gospic and Gracac, a Croat light infantry force operating in the mountains to the south moved to close off the Medak Pocket from the opposite direction. The even more poorly organized and equipped Serb defence collapsed under the crude, but effective Croat onslaught.

    The Croat preliminary barrage on Serb defences in the Medak Pocket commenced as lead elements of 2PPCLI were moving up to the front, through the Serb rear area, in preparation to implement the Erdut agreement. The outbreak of heavy fighting required a rapid and dramatic adjustment to Canadian plans. Trained to react quickly to unexpected developments on a fast-moving battlefield, the Patricia’s easily managed the adjustment. Forward platoons immediately commenced construction of fortifications to protect against the bombardment. The well-drilled Patricia’s took advantage of every lull in the barrage to further sandbag and revet positions. Over 500 mortar, field and medium shells fell in an area the size of Parliament Hill around Lieutenant Tyrone Green’s 9 Platoon from Charlie Company within the village of Medak itself. This did not deter Green and his men from carrying out their newly assigned tasks of gathering intelligence on the developing battle and recording cease-fire violations. It is a tribute to their high-intensity war fighting skills, including a thorough appreciation of the effects of artillery, that only four Canadians were wounded during the shelling. If the Croats expected their barrage on Serb defences would also drive off the UN, they were wrong.

    Serb reinforcements poured into the Medak Pocket from all over Yugoslavia and in two days managed to stop the Croatian advance cold, but not before the ten kilometre long and five kilometre wide salient had been pinched out and the front line straightened, roughly 3000 metres northwest of Medak. Fighting raged on in a bitter stalemate for two more days until Serb artillery opened fire on the Croatian city of Karlovac, and then launched a FROG long range missile into a Zagreb suburb. Serb retaliation coupled with growing pressure from the international community was enough to convince President Tudjman to abandon the offensive and withdraw his forces to their pre- 9 September startline. A verbal agreement to that effect was signed into the “Medak Pocket Agreement” on 13 September. It would be up to the reinforced Canadian battlegroup to ensure all parties complied with the new terms.

    Up to this point, 2PPCLI had just been passive – if direct – participants in the Medak Pocket action. However, that soon changed. At 1630 on 14 September, 1993 Lieutenant-Colonel Calvin held an Orders Group (“O” Group) with his subordinate officers and NCO’s to review plans for the coming operation. The new withdrawal agreement was to be implemented in four phases. The first step of occupying Serbian frontline positions would be made by 2PPCLI’s Charlie Company and one French company on 15 September. Phase 2 would see Charlie Company, under the watchful eyes of the anti-armour platoon, establish a crossing point in the no-man’s land between the opposing armies on the main paved road running the length of the valley floor. In phase 3, Delta Company and the second French Company from FREBAT 3 would move along the road, through the secure crossing point and on to occupy the forward Croatian positions. 2PPCLI’s Reconnaissance Platoon and the battalion tactical headquarters would follow Delta company into the pocket. The last step would be to oversee the Croatian withdrawal to their pre-9 September positions thereby completing the separation of forces and establishing a new demilitarized zone. The Patricia’s Alpha and Bravo Companies, which only just arrived in the area from Sector West, would secure the remainder of the CANBAT 1's area of responsibility during the operation. Unfortunately the Canadians would have to do without its 81mm mortar platoon. Since the unit was due to rotate home in only a few weeks, the tubes had already been shipped back to Canada.

    In the hours prior to the operation General Cot personally flew into the area to speak to Colonel Calvin, essentially taking overall command of the operation and eliminating the link to Sector South Headquarters in Knin. Too much was riding on the coming events to have any delay in the reporting chain or any misunderstanding about what was to happen. The Force commander reminded Calvin of how vital it was that his battlegroup succeed in order to restore UN credibility. Cot also indicated that details of the Medak Pocket Agreement had not likely made it from Zagreb down to the frontline Croatian soldiers that would be soon encountered. General Cot strongly implied that force may have to be used to ensure their compliance with the agreement. He reminded Calvin that the UN rules of engagement allowed to blue helmeted Canadian and French troops to return fire in kind if they or their mandate were threatened. The mission was clear and the stage set.

    The M-113 Armoured Personnel Carriers of Charlie Company rolled forward on 15 September on schedule. Not long after setting off, Lieutenant Green’s 9 Platoon came under small arms and machine gun fire from the Croatian lines. At first it appeared that General Cot was right about the Croat frontline units not being advised that the Canadians were coming. The solution to this problem seemed obvious. Get the white painted armoured vehicles out in the open where there would be no mistake that it was UNPROFOR advancing, rather than a Serb counter-attack..

    Large blue UN flags were fixed to radio antenna and the carriers driven out of a tree line into the open. This brought an increase in Croat fire, including heavy machine gun, rocket propelled grenades and 20mm anti-aircraft gunfire. It was now obvious that the Croatians had no intention of letting the Canadians advance. All along the Charlie and FREBAT 1 Company front, the blue helmets halted in whatever defensive positions they could find, roughly along the former Serb line. For the next 15 hours, the Croatians shot it out with Canadian and French troops. Interestingly enough, of all the weapons used against the advancing UN troops, the deadly T-72's known to be in the area did not make an appearance. Perhaps Croat officers were aware of the potency of the TOW anti-armour missile system, especially when manned by Canadian crews, and were unwilling to risk their precious new vehicles.

    It was not exactly a battle, at least not by the standards of western armies where positions are attacked with fire and movement. There were no infantry assaults or sweeping tank thrusts to seize ground held by the UN. That is not how war is waged in the Balkans. Ground combat in the Former Yugoslavia consisted of both sides attempting to make opposing positions untenable by bring maximum fire to bear. Conversely, as soon as a position became too dangerous due to accurate and sustained fire, it was abandoned. Any movement that involved placing troops in the open was avoided. Weapons were plentiful in the region but soldiers, especially of the trained variety, were not. This way of war may also be a vestige of Tito’s guerilla military doctrine that formed the basis of the old Yugoslav National Army in which many of the officers and NCO’s on both sides had served.

    The argument then is that by Balkan definition, the Croat firefight with Canadian and French soldiers was indeed a battle. It surely seemed that way to Sergeant Rod Dearing’s section of 2PPCLI’s 7 Platoon on Charlie Company’s right in the village of Licki Citluck. It was there that some of the heaviest firing took place, often at ranges of 150 metres. At one point in the evening Croat mortars and 20mm autocannons went to work on the Canadian trench line. Croat infantry tried repeatedly to flank Dearing’s section, but each time they were driven off by Canadian rifle and machine-gun fire directed by a Starlight telescopic night vision sight. In the early hours of 16 September, when Croat troops made one last attempt to push out the Patricia’s, Private Scott LeBlanc leapt out of his trench blazing away at the attackers with his belt-fed C-9 light machine-gun. Leblanc’s audacious act was apparently enough to convince the Croats that these Canadians were not about to give ground and that it was time to pull back. Regardless of how this action compares to other larger battles in Canadian military history, for the riflemen of Charlie Company, it was war. Five of Dearing’s men were reservists, including LeBlanc.

    Over on the UNPROFOR right, the French Company was having better luck. Each of their mechanized platoons was equipped with one VAB infantry fighting vehicle mounting a 20mm auto-cannon in an armoured turret. When hostile fire was returned with this powerful and accurate weapon, Croat troops were less inclined to offer resistence.

    The firefights lasted all night and early into the next morning. During the night Colonel J.O.M. “Mike” Maisonneuve, UNPROFOR’s Chief Operations Officer, arrived from Zagreb in an effort to talk down the Croatians. Eventually, Maisonneuve, Lieutenant-Colonel Calvin, and a senior UN Military Observer drove down the main road to meet with the local Croat commander. Operational Zone Commander General Ademi, rough equivalent to a NATO corps commander, agreed to the meeting and let the Canadians delegation pass through the lines to his headquarters in Gospic. After much heated discussion, Ademi agreed not resist phase 2 and that the Canadians could establish the crossing point that night without Croatian interference. Phase 3 would commence at 1200 the following day when Delta Company would pass through the crossing point to move into the Croatian trench line. During the night, Major Dan Drew and his Delta Company Headquarters moved up the road to the crossing point. The remainder of the company would join him in the morning for their 1200 departure time.

    The Patricia’s rose to a horrifying sight on the morning of 16 September. Smoke could be seen rising from several villages behind Croatian lines. Explosions and an occasional burst of automatic rifle fire could also be heard. It suddenly became clear why the Croatians resisted the Canadian advance. Those villages were inhabited predominantly by Serbs and Croatian Special Police were not yet finished ethnically cleansing them.

    Colonel Calvin clamoured for action and immediately recalled Colonel Maisonneuve to meet again with General Ademi. Unfortunately, with only four widely separated companies and no supporting tanks or artillery, Calvin’s force had no chance in a frontal attack against the entire Croatian 9th Brigade which had tanks and heavy guns. Even if the Canadians did have the strength, it would be far beyond the scope of UNPROFOR’s mandate to deliver a full attack. Returning aimed fire was one issue, but launching an assault was another. There was little the Canadians could do but sit back wait for the 1200 timing. As they waited they listened helplessly to the explosions and shooting and imagined what was happening to the Serb civilians to their front.

    Delta Company rolled ahead on schedule at noon mounted in their M-113's and accompanied by several TOW anti-armour vehicles. They no sooner started down the road in column before they ran into a Croatian roadblock. To the left of the road sat a very modern and very deadly T-72 main battle tank, a gift from Germany. On the right side of the road, two towed anti-tank guns and a bank of Sagger missiles were aimed at the Canadian column. A company of Croatian infantry protected by a hastily laid mine field that completed the obstacle.

    The senior Croatian officer on the barrier refused Major Drew’s demand that his company be allowed to pass. Weapons on both sides were made ready for action. This tense Mexican standoff lasted over an hour. Throughout the standoff, the well trained and highly disciplined Canadian riflemen maintained their cool while the Croats grew increasingly uneasy. Essentially the resolute and stern-faced Canadians began to stare down the Croatians manning the roadblock.

    During the tension, Colonel Calvin arrived on the scene. He argued heatedly with the ranking Croat officer, Brigadier General Mezic. Mezic was General Ademi’s senior liaison officer. His presence at the road block indicated that the Operational Zone Commander had no intention of keeping his word. In fact, Mezic was stalling to give Croatian Special Police the time they needed to destroy evidence of ethnic cleansing.

    Shortly after 1300, Calvin took a gamble to break the deadlock and avoid a bloody point-blank shootout in the middle of the road. Some 20 international journalists had accompanied Delta Company, all seeking to cover the story of the Croatia’s latest invasion of the Serbian Krajina. It was time to bring them into action. Calvin called the media crews to the front of the column and held a press conference, complete with cameras, in front of the roadblock. He told the reporters what Croatian policemen were doing on the other side of the barricade and had the camera’s film the Croatian’s obvious interference with the UN’s effort to make peace.

    The cameras broke the increasingly shaky Croat resolve. By 1330, Delta Company was on the move. Calvin’s imaginative ploy was too late to stop the ethnic cleansing of Serb villages in the Medak Pocket, but it did allow the blue-helmets to reach most of the villages before all traces of Croatian atrocities could be erased. Unfortunately, the battlegroup was also held up later in the afternoon by senior UN officials who insisted that they stick to a rigid time table for advancing into the pocket, a timetable that did not take into account that with every wasted minute, more evidence was destroyed. It was not until 17 September that UNPROFOR soldiers occupied the whole area.

    The next few days were the most difficult for Canadian soldiers involved in the Medak Pocket operation. Their job was now, along with civilian police officers, and UN medical officers, to sweep the area for signs of ethnic cleansing. The task was enormous. Each and every building in the Medak Pocket had been levelled to the ground. Truck loads of firewood had been brought to start intense fires among the wooden buildings. Brick and concrete buildings were blow apart with explosives and anti-tank mines. The Croatians completed their task by killing most of the livestock in the area. That was the small-arms firing heard on 16 September. In addition, oil or dead animals were dumped into wells to make them unusable for Serbs entertaining any thought of return.

    Only 16 Serb bodies were found scattered in hidden locations. The open ground was littered with rubber surgical gloves. Calvin and his men believed the gloves indicated that most Serb dead laying in the open were transported elsewhere and only those hidden in basements or in the woods had been left behind in haste. A mass grave containing over fifty bodies was later located in the vicinity. The bodies that were recovered included those of two young women found in a basement. They had apparently been tied up, shot and then doused with gasoline and burned. When found, the bodies were still hot enough to melt plastic body bags. At another location, an elderly Serb woman had been found shot four times in the head, execution style.

    While the job of gathering evidence may have been the most difficult for the Canadians, haunting many of the young soldiers to this day, it was of critical importance. The Medak Pocket provided the world with the first hard evidence that Serbia, although probably the largest, was not the sole perpetrator of ethnic cleansing in the Balkans. Also, the meticulous Canadian procedures used to sweep and record evidence in the area became standardized in UNPROFOR, perhaps providing some degree of deterrence to those who may fear being called before a war crimes tribunal.

    Canadian action at Medak earned back some of the respect for the United Nations lost at Maslencia. That same month, a Canadian officer, Colonel George Oehring, took over as commander of Sector South. Oehring was in a better position that anyone to feel the effects of Medak.

    Medak restored UNPROFOR’s credibility resulting in renewed dialogue leading to a local informal cease-fire in November, a more formal and wider one at Christmas, and a “bilateral”, universal cease-fire signed in Zagreb on 29 March, 1994. Everybody hated us in September 1993. I was stoned and threatened during my first trip to Zadar to meet the Croat commander there. Medak changed all this. The Serbs, right up to my departure a year later, would spontaneously mention the resolute fairness of the Canadians at Medak, while the Croats, although grudgingly at first, came to respect the Canadians in Sector South.

    Unfortunately Medak did not go far enough in wiping away the memory of Maslencia. The Canadians may have documented Croat war crimes, but they could not stop them, adding to the sense of insecurity among the Serbs. However, Jim Calvin and his men can take comfort in the knowledge that they did everything within their means to keep order in Croatia. The international peacekeeping community was not yet ready in 1993 to take the kind of resolute steps seen last year in Kosovo. It would take several, much larger massacres around the world before international political will could be mustered to intervene and stop ethnic cleansing.

    The joint Canadian-French operation at Medak represents a watershed in the development of international conflict resolution. It will be many years before scholars will be able to fully explain the ongoing transformation in the nature of modern military peace support operations. Sources are not yet available and not enough distance has been established to present a clear, accurate historical picture.

    The Medak Pocket Operation occurred at the beginning of the transition period. The Canadian battlegroup possessed a high degree of combat power and a demonstrated willingness to use it. However, most other contingents in UNPROFOR were totally unprepared in regards to equipment, training and political will to engage in the types of action carried out by the Canadians at Medak.

    Analysis of activities engaged in by Canadian troops at Medak offers an alternative view to the conclusions of the Somalia Report. Operations in UNPROFOR’s Sector South demanded the full range of capabilities possessed by Canadian soldiers, from fortification construction, marksmanship, and mechanized mobile combat to negotiation and basic investigation techniques. In all these categories, Canadian military leadership and training in the Medak Pocket was of the highest standard. Contrary to the findings of the Somalia Inquiry, the Canadian Army in 1993 contained dedicated, skilled, and well-disciplined professional soldiers. These troops were led by competent, educated, and highly capable officers and senior NCO’s.

    Medak and Somalia were obviously not the only two Canadian military operations in the last decade. A great deal more research is necessary before a final verdict can be passed on Canadian Forces effectiveness in the 1990's. One thing is clear, however. An institution capable of producing soldiers who could perform effectively in the difficult and constantly evolving conditions at Medak was probably not as close to collapse as some may think.

  10. #80
    Avatar von Legija

    Registriert seit

    Kroatische Kriegsverbrechen während aktion Oluja!!

    BEOGRAD - Televizija B92 prikazala je sinoć amaterski video-snimak ratnih zločina nad Srbima koji su napuštali Krajinu 7. i 8. avgusta 1995. godine, a povodom 11 godina od hrvatske vojne akcije "Oluja". Na snimku se vidi kako pripadnici hrvatske paravojne formacije "Crne mambe" i odred "Hamza" Armije BiH ubijaju i maltretiraju Srbe i pale srpske kuće na području Rujevca i drugih mesta u okolini Gline i Dvora na Uni. Snimak je dokazni materijal Tužilaštva u Hagu, a na njemu se vidi kako su se pripadnici "Crne mambe" i "Hamze" najsurovije obračunavali sa srpskim vojnicima i civilima koji su tokom "Oluje" napuštali Krajinu.
    Ratni zločin snimljen je amaterskom kamerom, a snimatelji su, kako je naveo B92, sami učesnici događaja.
    Snimci pokazuju kako pripadnici odreda "Hamza", u kojoj su bili i mudžahedini, uz povike "Ajmo, ubijaj" ubijaju srpske borce koji su se predali. Vidi se kako zarobljeni srpski borac kleči sa podignutim rukama, a onda mu prilazi jedan iz odreda "Hamza" i ubija ga uz povike: "To se ovako rešava."
    "Ajmo, ima li još koga. Ubij i toga! Ubij! Alahu ekber!", uzvikuju pripadnici "Hamzi", posle čega se vidi snimak ubijenog Srbina.
    Sledeći snimak prikazuje izbegličku kolonu Srba, koju su presrele "Crne mambe", kod sela Rujevac, na putu Glina - Dvor na Uni, i iz kolone odvode muškarce Srbe i psuju im "majku četničku".
    Na sledećem snimku vidi se livada na kojoj sa podignutim rukama leži desetak Srba izvučenih iz kolone automobila, dok pripadnici "Mambi" teraju jednu staricu. U pozadini se čuju krikovi i plač žena.
    "J... mater četničku, da vam j...", viču pripadnici "Mambi".
    Jedan od svedoka događaja nedaleko od Mosta spasa na reci Uni izjavio je Radio-televiziji Srbije, koja je takođe emitovala taj snimak, da su se u koloni izbeglih mogli spasti samo oni koji su uspeli da se domognu šume.
    Haški tribunal u prvoj optužnici za zločine u "Oluji" tereti hrvatske generale Ivana Čermaka i Mladena Markača.
    U proširenoj optužnici kao učesnike u tom zločinačkom poduhvatu Tribunal je naveo tadašnjeg hrvatskog predsednika Franju Tuđmana i ministra odbrane Gojka Suška (obojica su u međuvremenu umrli, kao i general Janko Bobetko, koji je takođe optužen).
    U optužnici su i imena generala Zvonimira Červenka i Ante Gotovine, koji je uhapšen u decembru 2005. godine na Kanarskim ostrvima i čeka suđenje.

    am samstag und sonntag wurden videos gezeigt indem man sehen konnte wie die kroatischen sowie bosnischen einheiten crne mambe und hamze flüchtlings konvois aus der krajina anhalten und die dortigen zivillisten quälen und dann serbien als das video der scorpione gezeigt wurde hat die serbische regierung die sofortige festnahme der angehörigen vollzogen kroatien ist nichtmal der versuch erkennbar die dort zu erkennden personen und die angehörigen der einheit fest zu nehmen....

    wer das video findet kann es bitte posten ......wurde auf rts und auf rtbn ausgestrahlt.....werde noch weitere infos suchen und posten...mal sehen wie sich der forums alki und fascho metlovic darüber lustig macht wie seine ach so mutigen soldaten die flüchtlinge (meistens alte menschen frauen und kinder) erschiessen :!:

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