Massaker der Türkei in Smyrni/Izmir
Erstellt von Sonne-2012, 15.09.2013, 21:28 Uhr · 1.381 Antworten · 55.957 Aufrufe
Weitere Quelle zu den Verbrechen der damaligen Türkei
Zeitung: Daily Telegraph vom 14.10.1922 in dem Buch: The Great Betrayal
Edward Hale Bierstadt (Executive Secretary, Near East Refugees)
The burning and massacre of Smyrna is described by Bierstadt as follows:
In reviewing the history of the catastrophe of Smyrna, there are several points that stand out clearly.
The Powers were warned of what was going to be done while the Turks were denying that they were going to do it.
What actually happened we know, and it has passed into history. But, knowing what they knew, the Powers made no
attempt to restrain the Turks. If the Allied warships at Smyrna had been ordered by their home governments
to act, there would have been no massacre and Smyrna would not have been burned. The four destroyers of the
United States Navy alone could have saved the situation if they had been allowed to do so. The official answer
to this is that such intervention might have meant war with Turkey. To say that wars have been fought for far
less righteous causes is to beg the question, so we may strike to the root of the matter at once by pointing out
that the Turkish Nationalist Government was in far greater need of friends than foes among the Powers, and that,
if the demand had been made upon her that she conduct war in a civilised manner, she had much more to gain than
to lose by complying. There were no belligerents in Smyrna on the 9th of September. What was done was wanton and
deliberate. Kemal had decided that thenceforth Smyrna should be indisputably a Turkish city, and the shortest way to achieve this was to destroy the Greek, Armenian and European quarters. Also, Kemal had no way of rewarding his
troops except by loot, and it is as traditional with the Turk as with the Mongol that looting is an essential
adjunct of war. Finally, to conceal the traces of widespread loot and massacre, the city was deliberately fired.
The point of view of the Turkish Nationalist Government toward the Allied Powers was one of cynical contempt.
They knew well what the Allies wanted, and they knew that as long as this bait was dangled before their eyes
they were safe from interference. That they were entirely justified in their prognosis is evident from the fact
that within three months after Smyrna had been burned they were able to sit across from the Powers at the conference
table and bargain for economic concessions. While the evidence may be both presumptive and circumstantial it can
scarcely be denied.
Then after standing meekly by while Smyrna razed and the Christian Minorities were massacred or deported, the Powers,
France, Italy, the United States, and to some extent Great Britain, did what they could to whitewash the Turks so far
as they were able to do so. Not one of the Allied governments possessed of the real facts gave them to the public.
The first attempt was to belittle the whole matter; it was denied in the French Chamber of Deputies that there had
been a massacre, and the responsibility for the fire was placed upon the Greeks and Armenians.
Resolution des Repräsentantenhaus der Vereinigten Staaten von 1997 zum Massaker der Türkei in Smyrni
Commemorating the 75th anniversary of the burning of Smyrna and honoring the memory of its civilian victims, and for other purposes.
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVESSeptember 9, 1997
Mrs. MALONEY of New York (for herself, Mr. SHERMAN, and Mr. BILIRAKIS) submitted the following concurrent resolution; which was referred to the Committee on International Relations
Whereas in 1914 the Turkish Nationalist regime initiated a systematic campaign to eradicate the ethnic Greek population in Asia Minor, consigning and killing thousands of male conscripts in forced labor battalions and destroying Greek towns and villages and slaughtering additional hundreds of thousands of civilians in areas where Greeks composed a majority, as on the Black Sea coast, Pontus, and areas around Smyrna;
Whereas in 1922, Smyrna, the largest city in Asia Minor, a cosmopolitan hub populated by a highly educated Greek community and flourishing commercial and middle classes, was sacked and burned and its inhabitants massacred by the Turkish forces of Kemal Attaturk;
Whereas Turkish forces turned on the Greek population, whose numbers had swelled to 400,000 with the influx of refugees from Greek villages destroyed in the countryside, after first slaughtering the Armenians of Smyrna in their quarters;
Whereas on September 9, 1922, Turkish soldiers, led by their officers, set fire to Smyrna and razed most of the city under the gaze of United States, British, and French ships and foreign diplomats and journalists stationed offshore;
Whereas Metropolitan Chrysostomos, the spiritual leader of the Orthodox Christians in Smyrna who refused to abandon the city, was seized from religious services he was conducting in the cathedral by Turkish police forces and given over to be dismembered by a mob in the streets;
Whereas 3 other Orthodox metropolitans were brutally tortured to death in 1921 and 1922, as were 37 Armenian clerics and thousands of priests in the broader period from 1894 to 1923;
Whereas in 1923 more than 1,200,000 Greeks were expelled from Turkey; and
Whereas persecutions of Greeks in Turkey were repeated in a pogrom in Istanbul in 1955 whereby Orthodox churches and Greek businesses were burned and vandalized, again in 1964 with the expulsions of Greeks, and continues today with restrictions on press and religious freedoms and harassment of the Ecumenical Patriarchate: Now, therefore, be it
- Resolved by the House of Representatives (the Senate concurring), That--
- (1) the Congress joins the Hellenic and the Armenian American communities in honoring the memory of the victims of Smyrna in 1922 and the millions of Orthodox Christians who perished in the genocidal campaign in Asia Minor from 1894 to 1923;
- (2) the United States should encourage the Republic of Turkey to take all appropriate steps to acknowledge these crimes against humanity and commemorate the victims at Smyrna; and
Die Griechen verloren eine Entscheidungsschlacht, gerieten in die Defensive vor Atatürks maroden Truppen, zogen sich immer weiter in Richtung Ägäis zurück. Und was machten sie? Sie machten das, was viele Armeen der Welt machten, sie steckten die Städte auf ihrem Rückzug in Brand, massakrierten nicht selten die Bewohner dabei gleich mit.
Dabei gingen sie mit solcher Gründlichkeit vor, dass viele Städte dermaßen in ihrer Bausubstanz zerstört wurden, wie wir es erst wieder im 2. Weltkrieg nach den Brandbomben auf Dresden und Hamburg sehen konnten.
Ein Beispiel von vielen ist Alasehir, wo 95% der Bauten dem Erdboden gleichgemacht wurden, wie es ein Mongolensturm oder der Sturm eines Timur Lenk nicht gründlicher hätten machen können, mit über 3000 toten Zivilisten.
Die türk. Armee war ihnen aber dicht auf den Fersen, und als die Armee in ihre zerstörten Städte eintrafen, die Leichen von Frauen, Kinder und Alten sahen, nahmen sie Rache an den noch übrig und zurückgebliebenen gebliebenen griechischen Zivilisten.
Natürlich kann man so etwas ignorieren doch wäre es der Opfer nicht gerecht.
Zitat von Tigerfish
Damals wurden alle Bedenken fallengelassen und man liess sich auf ein absolut unnötiges Abenteuer ein (wobei ich zugeben muss, dass es damals tatsächlich kein bisschen riskant gewesen zu sein schien, das zeigte sich erst im Nachhinein). Und wie das bei so einem Vorhaben so ist, es kann auch scheitern - und grosse Teile der kleinasiatischen Griechen, die der Bruderarmee von jenseits der Ägäis bei ihrem Einmarsch zujubelten - mitsamt Eskalationen gegen die Türken - hätten sich denken müssen, was mit ihnen im Falle eines türkischen Sieges passieren würde.
So hat man schlussendlich den Preis für den Grössenwahn bezahlt.
Die Massaker der Türken waren echt grausam
Die Massaker an den Türken in ihrer Entstehungsgeschichte noch grausamer.
Zitat von Archimedes
die alten mongolen konnte keiner überbieten
Zitat von Archimedes
Zitat von Amarok
Die realität sieht anders aus:
In September 1922, Mustapha Kemal, the revolutionary ruler of Turkey , led his troops into Smyrna (now Izmir ), which at that time was a predominantly Christian city. While a flotilla of twenty-seven Allied warships - including three American destroyers - looked on, the Turks indulged in an orgy of pillage, rape and slaughter; which the Western powers condoned - eager to protect their oil and trade interests in Turkey - through their silence and by their refusal to intervene. Turkish forces then set fire to the legendary city and totally destroyed it. A massive cover-up followed, by tacit agreement of the Western Allies, who had defeated Turkey and Germany during World War I. By 1923, Smyrna 's demise was all but expunged from historical memory.
The Genocide of the Eastern Christians of the city of Smyrna in 1922
Außer vlt. die Piraten
Zitat von christian steifen
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