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Die Molosser

Erstellt von Opala, 10.10.2008, 01:32 Uhr · 5 Antworten · 1.064 Aufrufe

  1. #1
    Opala

    Die Molosser

    Molossians

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    For the micronation of Molossia, see Republic of Molossia.

    Tribes of Epirus in antiquity.


    The Molossians (Greek: Μολοσσοί, English: Molossoi) were an ancient Greek[1][2][3][4][5] tribe that settled Epirus during Mycenaean times. On their northeast frontier they had the Chaonians and to their southern frontier the kingdom of the Thesprotians, to their north were the Illyrians. The Molossians were part of the League of Epirus until they were annexed into the Roman Empire and 150,000 of its inhabitants were enslaved.


    Mythology

    According to Greek mythology, the Molossians were the descendants of Molossus, one of the three sons of Neoptolemus, son of Achilles and Deidamea. Following the sack of Troy, Neoptolemus and his armies settled in Epirus where they joined with the local population. Molossus inherited the kingdom of Epirus after the death of Helenus, son of Priam and Hecuba of Troy, who had married his erstwhile sister-in-law Andromache after Neoptolemus' death. Plutarch tells us that according to some historians their first king was Phaethon, one of those who came into Epirus with Pelasgus. Plutarch also says, that Deucalion and Pyrrha, having set up the worship of Zeus at Dodona, settled there among the Molossians.[6]

    [edit] Ancient sources


    The League of Epirus, 234 BC.


    Strabo tells us that the Molossians, along with the Chaonians and Thesprotians, were the most famous among the fourteen tribes of Epirus, who once ruled over the whole region. The Chaonians ruled Epirus at an earlier time and afterwards the Thesprotians and Molossians controlled the region. Plutarch[7] tells us that the Thesprotians, the Chaonians and the Molossians were the three principal clusters of Greek-speaking tribes that had emerged from Epirus and were the most powerful among all other tribes.
    The Molossians were also renowned for their vicious hounds, which were used by shepherds to guard their flocks. This is where the canine breed Molossoid, native to Greece, got its name. Virgil tells us that in ancient Greece the heavier Molossian dogs were often used by the Greeks and Romans for hunting (canis venaticus) and to watch over the house and livestock (canis pastoralis). "Never, with them on guard," says Virgil, "need you fear for your stalls a midnight thief, or onslaught of wolves, or Iberian brigands at your back."
    Strabo records that the Thesprotians, Molossians, and Macedonians referred to old men as pelioi and old women as peliai (<PIE *pel-, 'grey'). Cf. Ancient Greek peleia, "pigeon", so-called because of its dusky grey color. Ancient Greek pelos meant "grey".[8]. Their senators were called Peligones , similar to Macedonian Peliganes.

    [edit] Royal House of Molossis

    The most famed member of the Molossian dynasty was Pyrrhus, who became famous for his Pyrrhic victory over the Romans. According to Plutarch, Pyrrhus was the son of Aeacides of Epirus and a Greek woman from Thessaly named Phthia, the daughter of a war hero in the Lamian War. Pyrrhus was a second cousin of Alexander the Great. In the 4th century BC, they had adopted the term for office of prostates (Greek: Προστάτες)[9][10] literally meaning "protectors" like most Greek tribal states at the time. Other terms for office were grammateus (Greek: Γραμματέυς) meaning "secretary", demiourgoi (Greek: Δημιουργοί) literally meaning "creators", hieromnemones (Greek: Ιερομνήμονες) literally meaning "of the sacred memory" and synarchontes (Greek: Συνάρχοντες) literally meaning "co-rulers"[11] An inscription from the 4th century[12] stated (referring to Alexander I of Epirus);
    When King was Alexandros when of Molossoi prostatas was Aristomachos Omphalas secretary was Menedamos Omphalas resolved by the assembly of the Molossoi; Kreston is benefactor hence to give citizenship to Kteson and descent lineDodona was used for the display of public decisions.[13] Despite having a monarchy, the Molossians sent princes[14] to Athens to learn of democracy as they did not consider monarchy and certain aspects of democracy as opposite concepts.[15]

    [edit] War

    In 385 BC, the Molossians were attacked by Illyrians instigated and aided by Dionysius.[16] of Syracuse to place Alcetas that was a refugee in his court to the throne. Dionysius planned to control all the Ionian Sea. Sparta had intervened[17] as soon as the events became known and expelled[18] the Illyrians who were led by Bardyllis.[19] Despite being aided by 2000 Greek hoplites and five hundred suits of Greek armour the Illyrians were defeated by the Spartans led by Agesilaus but not before ravaging the region and killing 15,000 Molossians.
    In 360 BC, in another Illyrian attack the Molossian king Arymbas evacuated his non-combatant population to Aetolia and let the illyrians loot freely.The stratagem worked and the Molossians fell upon the Illyrians now encumbered with booty and defeated them.[20]

  2. #2
    Opala


    Pyrrhus auf einer Münze

    Eine Alte Münze aus Epiros mit der Altgriechischen beschriftung:König Pyrrhus.

  3. #3
    Avatar von Molosi

    Registriert seit
    09.08.2008
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    937
    opala gehe bei Dardania rein und guck die mape an ok.

  4. #4
    Opala
    Die Karte dort ist eine Propaganda Karte.

  5. #5
    Avatar von Molosi

    Registriert seit
    09.08.2008
    Beiträge
    937
    Zitat Zitat von Opala Beitrag anzeigen
    Die Karte dort ist eine Propaganda Karte.
    ja warum das den?und deine ist orginall.

  6. #6
    Opala
    Zitat Zitat von Molosi Beitrag anzeigen
    ja warum das den?und deine ist orginall.
    Weil die Karte von dieser seite ist

    die Illyrier - die Illyrer
    die Illyrier - die Illyrer

    Meine Karte ist aus dem Englischen Wikipedia dort wird alles streng kontrolliert,soviele Menschen können Englisch als zweite Sprache es wäre schon lange geändert worden wen die Karte Falsch wäre.