The earliest record of the name of Cappadocia dates from the late 6th century BC
, when it appears in the trilingual inscriptions of two early Achaemenid
kings, Darius I
, as one of the countries (Old Persian dahyu-
) of the Persian Empire
. In these lists of countries, the Old Persian name is Katpatuka
, which means "the land/country of beautiful horses".
"Cappadocia" could come from the Luwian, or Luvian language, meaning "Low Country".
tells us that the name of the Cappadocians was applied to them by the Persians
, while they were termed by the Greeks
as "Syrians" or "White Syrians" Leucosyri
. One of the Cappadocian tribes he mentions is the Moschoi
, associated by Flavius Josephus
with the biblical figure Meshech
, son of Japheth
: "and the Mosocheni were founded by Mosoch; now they are Cappadocians". AotJ