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Wirtschaft Mazedoniens - Економија на Македонија - Economy of Macedonia (Rep. of)

Erstellt von MaKeDoNiJa e VeCnA, 12.04.2010, 13:50 Uhr · 1.235 Antworten · 118.047 Aufrufe

  1. #421
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    Johnson Matthey to build new plant in Bunardzik
    Skopje, 9 May 2012 (MIA) - The construction of a new plant of British company "Johnson Matthey", an investment worth EUR 10 million, is to be launched in free economic zone Bunardzik on Wednesday.
    Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski and Johnson Matthey Executive Director on Environmental Technologies Larry Pentz are set to lay the cornerstone of the new facilities.
    Johnson Matthey opened its plant for automotive catalysts in April 2010, investing GBP 34 million and opening 128 jobs.
    "Johnson Matthey" is the global leader in production of emission control catalysts, including 15 plants in Europe, Untied States, Asia, South America and Africa.

  2. #422

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    Welche Einzelhandelsketten sind die größten in Mazedonien?

  3. #423
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    This is, by the way, what Macedonia is doing. I am amazed at how much money Macedonia pours in ads on CNN and CNBC, showing various people who are investors, and who say, "I came to Macedonia, I left EUR 20 M, and now I have EUR 50 M, I am very happy. These people work very well. It's a small country but a well-organized one."

    Bulgaria: Maxim Behar: Sofia International Airport Must Be Named 'John Atanasoff' - Novinite.com - Sofia News Agency

  4. #424
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    Zitat Zitat von AnubisGM3 Beitrag anzeigen
    Welche Einzelhandelsketten sind die größten in Mazedonien?
    Vero, Tinex, KAM, MakPetrol (importieren nicht nur Öl),..

  5. #425
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    Erfolgreicher Expansionskurs in Mittel- und Südosteuropa
    dm eröffnet erste Filialen in Mazedonien - BILD


    dm eröffnet erste Filialen in Mazedonien - BILD
    © OTS
    17.05.2012 11:39:48 - Was 1992 mit dem Schritt über die Grenzen in die Tschechische Republik, nach Ungarn und Slowenien anfing, geht heute, 17. Mai 2012, in Mazedonien weiter: der dm Teilkonzern - das ist dm Österreich mit seinen 100-prozentigen Tochterunternehmen in Mittel- und Südosteuropa - setzt seinen erfolgreichen Expansionskurs fort und eröffnet seine ersten Filialen auf mazedonischem Boden: in der Landeshauptstadt Skopje. Damit ist der dm Gesamtkonzern - mit dm Deutschland - nun in zwölf europäischen Ländern vertreten. "Die Entscheidung zur Expansion nach Mazedonien war ein logischer Schritt. Sieht man vom Kosovo und Montenegro ab, ist es mit etwas über zwei Millionen Einwohnern die größte Teilrepublik des ehemaligen Jugoslawien, in der wir noch nicht vertreten waren. Die Wirtschaft wächst dynamisch, die Währung ist stabil und Mazedonien hat seit 2005 EU-Kandidatenstatus und damit eine reale Perspektive zur Integration in den europäischen Wirtschaftsraum", freut sich Dipl. Inform. Manfred Kühner, Stellvertretender Vorsitzender der Geschäftsführung von dm Österreich, über die beiden Filialen im neuen dm Land und verrät: "Weitere Niederlassungen sind in Planung." Kühner verantwortet im Teilkonzern dm Österreich auch die Expansion nach Mazedonien.

  6. #426
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    S&P affirms ratings on Macedonia at 'BB/B'; outlook stable


    Thu May 17, 2012 5:47am EDT
    (The following statement was released by the rating agency)


    May 17 -


    Overview


    -- In our view, the Republic of Macedonia has relatively low wealth levels, limited monetary flexibility, and weak external liquidity.


    -- However, it has favorable fiscal and external debt stock positions and the prospect of eventual accession to the European Union acts as a policy anchor.


    -- We are therefore affirming our 'BB/B' long- and short-term foreign and local currency sovereign credit ratings on Macedonia.


    -- The stable outlook balances our view of Macedonia's structural rigidities and vulnerabilities to external shocks against its low levels of external and fiscal indebtedness.


    Rating Action


    On May 17, 2012, Standard & Poor's Ratings Services affirmed its 'BB/B' long- and short-term foreign and local currency sovereign credit ratings on the Republic of Macedonia. The outlook is stable. The recovery rating is '3'. Our transfer and convertibility assessment for Macedonia is 'BB+'.


    Rationale


    The ratings on Macedonia balance our view of its relatively low wealth levels, limited monetary flexibility, and weak external liquidity, against its low fiscal and external debt stock positions and the prospect of EU accession in the medium term.


    Following real GDP growth of 3.0% during 2011, we expect expansion to slow to 1.5% in 2012 on a likely moderation in external and domestic demand. We expect, however, that continued investment will support growth. We anticipate real GDP growth to average just below 3.0% over 2012 to 2015 supported by increased public and private sector investment in enhancing capacity across sectors, which will in turn support private consumption and exports. At the end of the forecast period, we expect per capita GDP to reach $6,000, from $4,800 expected in 2012.


    The Macedonian denar is pegged against the euro, and a high percentage of loans and deposits are denominated in euros in the Macedonian banking system. These arrangements, though suitable for the nation, reduce monetary flexibility. In addition, two of the three systemically important banks have eurozone parents, which leaves the sector exposed to capital flight risk--Stopanska Banka AD's parent is Greece-based National Bank of Greece S.A. (CCC/Negative/C) and NLB Tutunska Banka AD's parent is Slovenia-based Nova Ljubljanska banka. However, the Macedonian regulatory and supervisory framework addresses the risk of capital withdrawal by parent banks. Moreover, the banking system is well-capitalized and largely funded by domestic deposits; we do not expect Macedonian banks to rely on parental support in the near term. In addition, we do not see imbalances in the domestic banking system. In 2011, the loan-to-deposit ratio was 90%; the overall stock of domestic credit to households and nonfinancial corporations was 46% of GDP and the capital adequacy ratio was 17%. We project that the Macedonian financial system will remain in a small net external creditor position in 2012.


    In 2012, we expect Macedonia's gross external financing needs to exceed 120% of current account receipts (CARs) and usable reserves. Our forecasts include a 100% roll-over rate for Macedonia's $1.8 billion stock of short-term external debt and an expectation that Macedonia will be able to finance its 2012 current account deficit and the amortization of medium-term external debt through foreign direct investment (FDI), official government financing, and increased corporate borrowing. FDI will likely be supported by government efforts to improve transportation and energy infrastructure.


    Offsetting these constraints, Macedonia's stock positions look favorable, according to our criteria, although we note the positions are worsening. During 2011, gross government debt increased to 28.6% of GDP and we expect moderate increases in public debt over the coming years as the government intends to run moderate deficits. We expect general government interest expenditure as a share of revenues to remain relatively low, reflecting the still-concessional terms on much of the government debt stock. At 2.6% of GDP, the general government deficit remained broadly unchanged in 2011. However, the change in general government debt to GDP was much higher at 5%. For 2012, the government plans to maintain its fiscal deficit at 2.5% of GDP.


    We believe there may be shortfalls in general government revenues over the next two years as a result of weaker economic growth. If this happens, however, we believe the government would likely postpone some capital expenditures to compensate. On the external side, we expect Macedonia's external debt net of liquid assets to rise to 25% of CARs in 2012 from 21% in 2011, a level that is still favorable for the rating level.


    Macedonia was granted EU candidate status in 2005 and in April 2009 the European Commission recommended opening accession negotiations and moving to the second phase of implementing the Stabilization and Association Agreement (SAA). The prospects of EU accession have acted as a policy anchor for political stability and for economic reforms. We see, however, Greece and Macedonia at an impasse over Macedonia's constitution, with a resolution unlikely any time soon. Nevertheless, we expect Macedonia will continue to make progress on the open EU accession chapters in the meantime.


    Outlook


    The stable outlook balances our view of Macedonia's structural rigidities and vulnerabilities to external shocks against its low levels of external and fiscal indebtedness. We could raise the rating if reforms lead to higher growth and thus greater convergence with wealth levels of higher-rated sovereigns. On the other hand, we could lower the rating if our expectations about the government's and private sector's access to international markets do not hold or if the fiscal stance weakens.


    Related Criteria And Research


    All articles listed below are available on RatingsDirect on the Global Credit Portal, unless otherwise stated.


    -- Sovereign Government Rating Methodology And Assumptions, June 30, 2011


    -- Criteria For Determining Transfer And Convertibility Assessments, May 18, 2009


    -- Introduction Of Sovereign Recovery Ratings, June 14, 2007


    Ratings List


    Ratings Affirmed


    Macedonia (Republic of)


    Sovereign Credit Rating BB/Stable/B


    Transfer & Convertibility Assessment BB+


    Senior Unsecured


    Local Currency BB


    Senior Unsecured


    Foreign Currency BB


    Recovery Rating 3

    TEXT-S&P affirms ratings on Macedonia at 'BB/B'; outlook stable | Reuters

  7. #427
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    Macedonian Banking System sound
    Tuesday, 22 May 2012
    MINA Breaking News
    Macedonian banking system remained stable, maintaining high solvency and liquidity despite uncertainty of the EU debt crisis. Stress-tests have shown that Macedonian banks would sustain even the worst-case scenarios, concluded the Financial Stability Committee, which reviewed Tuesday latest trends in the country's banking system.

    "The Macedonian banking system demonstrates exceptional stability. Capital adequacy has increased by 17.5 percent, whereas the highly liquid assets in the total assets of the banking system has reached 31.5 percent in the first quarter of 2012", said National Bank of the Republic of Macedonia (NBRM) Governor Dimitar Bogov.

    He added that stress-test simulations have shown that even in the worst-case scenarios, the Macedonian banking system does not reduce the capital adequacy, i.e. no bank lowers the capital adequacy under the legal minimum of eight percent.
    Vice Premier and Finance Minister Zoran Stavreski said it was good that even in circumstances of increased risk in European economy, the country's banking system has remained stable, accompanied by rising deposits.

    "This confirms the high liquidity of banks and capital adequacy rates, which on the other hand demonstrates that a good share of the banks' capital can be used towards increasing the credit activity for properly targeted projects that would help the Macedonian economy and citizens in overcoming the situation resulting from the European developments", stressed Stavreski.
    The Committee has concluded that the Macedonian banking system is almost non-dependant from outside financing sources, which minimizes the threat from spillover of current crisis events in the eurozone to the domestic banking sector.

    NBRM and Finance Ministry data show that banks' activities have continued to rise in the first months of 2012, similar to the dynamics in the course of 2011. Deposits have reached Denar 237 billion (EUR 3,86 billion), increasing by 9.8 percent compared to the same period last year. Moreover, credit growth has increased by 8.3 percent.
    The Committee has concluded there is certain increase of credit risk, but the conservatism and caution of regulations and banks secure complete coverage of "bad" credits through allocated reservations. The share of non-functional loans in total credits by the end of Q1 amounted to 9.9 percent.

  8. #428
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    FinMin: Macedonia's economic growth tripled under incumbent government
    Skopje, 28 May 2012 (MIA) - In a time of economic crisis, the ruling VMRO-DPMNE has achieved historically highest GDP results, tripling the ones registered when SDSM was in power, Finance Minister Zoran Stavreski said Monday at a Parliament session on his interpellation, submitted by opposition parties.


    The foreign investments in the 2007-2011 have reached EUR 1,513 billion - the average FDI growth rate is at 8,9% in comparison to 2,8% under the SDSM cabinet, Stavreski said. The unemployment rate has been reduced for 22,9%, and the debt for 11,6%.


    Under the VMRO-DPMNE-led government, Macedonia has achieved best economic results since its independence, Stavreski said, pointing out that the country's economy has been most successful in Europe in the periods before and after the crisis, which is an indicator of a sound policy.


    In spite of numerous challenges the country has been facing, as small and open economy, we have not hiked the taxes, cut the salaries, pensions, welfare and prevented layoffs, Stavreski said, adding that many other countries have applied such measures that hit the living standard of their citizens.


    The opposition consider that Stavreski should resign over constant indebting of the country, high poverty, unemployment rates, financing of the "Skopje2014' project, lack of capital, infrastructure and energy projects, poor results of the fiscal decentralization, equitable regional development processes and the 'Buy a House, Buy a Flat' project.

  9. #429
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    Mazedonien-Anleihe: Nicht nur für Exoten interessant
    Aktien Analyse - Fondsanalyse
    14:24 30.05.12
    Der Analyst von Anleihencheck Research, Sven Krupp, hält die Anleihe (ISIN XS0238022445/ WKN A0GKXH) von Mazedonien für etwas risikofreudigere Anleger für eine interessante Alternative für den europäischen Staatsanleihen-Sektor.


    Die Anleihe, emittiert vom süd-osteuropäischen Staat Mazedonien, sei mit einem Kupon von 4,625% ausgestattet, laufe noch bis zum 08.12.2015 und weise eine anlegerfreundliche Stückelung von 1.000 Euro auf. Bei einem aktuellen Kurs von 93,20% biete das Papier eine jährliche Rendite von 6,80%.


    Das Land sei seit 1991 unabhängig und habe seither eine eindrucksvolle Entwicklung vollzogen. Nun wolle die Regierung den Ritterschlag durch die EU erhalten und in die EU aufgenommen werden. Erst Anfang 2012 seien der mazedonische Außenminister Nikola Poposki sowie der EU-Erweiterungskommissar Stefan Füle in Brüssel zusammengekommen, um über die erzielten Fortschritte des Landes zu sprechen. Füle habe zwar die Fortschritte Mazedoniens gelobt, doch sei seiner Meinung nach eine neue Dynamik notwendig für einen erfolgreichen EU-Beitritt notwendig.


    Seit 2006 sei das BIP Mazedoniens zwischen 4% und 6% p.a. gestiegen. Doch die weltweite Wirtschafts- und Finanzkrise habe auch vor dem aufstrebenden Balkanland nicht Halt gemacht und es sei 2009 zu einem BIP-Rückgang in Höhe von 0,9% gekommen. 2010 habe sich die Wirtschaft aber wieder leicht erholen können und das BIP habe um 1,8% zugelegt. Die positive Dynamik habe in 2011 angehalten und das BIP sei um 5,2% gestiegen. Zudem betrage das Haushaltsdefizit lediglich 2,5%, womit das Land ein weiteres Kriterium erfülle.


    Die Regierung wolle sich aber nicht auf ihren Erfolgen ausruhen und weitere Reformen voranbringen. Auch sei sie weiter bemüht, die Korruption zu senken und das Land für Auslandsinvestitionen attraktiv zu machen.


    Die Lage an den Kapitalmärkten sei derzeit wegen der anhaltenden Sorgen um einen möglichen Austritt Griechenlands aus der EU sehr angespannt. Daher seien neben den Kursen von Aktien auch die Anleihekurse von spekulativeren Emittenten gefallen. Diese Kursrückgänge könnten sich jedoch auch als interessantes Einstiegsniveau erweisen.


    Auch wenn Mazedonien grundsätzlich von der weiteren Entwicklung der Euro-Zone abhängig sei, da sich hier viele Exportpartner befänden, habe sich das Land der jüngsten Schwäche gut entziehen können und stehe relativ gut da. Für zusätzliche Fantasie sorge mittelfristig ein möglicher EU-Beitritt, der dem Land dann wieder zu einem besseren Kreditrating verhelfen sollte.

  10. #430
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    Boost of Macedonian Economy with 450m Euros
    Thursday, 31 May 2012


    The decline of Macedonia's industrial production is a result of Europe's recession and in order to mitigate its consequences the Government will introduce new measures, which also include an injection of fresh EUR100 million in support of small, medium enterprises and EUR350 million of capital investments, foreseen by the budget rebalance, Vice-Premier and FinMin Zoran Stavreski said Thursday at a press conference.

    Seventeen EU countries have registered a decline of the industrial production, some of them more severe than Macedonia's one, Stavreski said.

    "Naturally it doesn't mean that we are free from concern. We have been monitoring the developments and remain committed to introduce new and keep applying some of the previous measures that proven to be efficent," Stavreski said.

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