Albania’s Friends: Turkey & Germany
Erstellt von Albanesi2, 25.09.2005, 13:42 Uhr · 5 Antworten · 594 Aufrufe
Albania’s Friends: Turkey & Germany
Albania’s Friends: Turkey & Germany
Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan's two-day visit to Tirana focused on strengthening relations in the economic, tourism and education sectors. Erdogan also pledged Turkey's support for Albania's integration into NATO.
Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan completed a two-day official visit to Tirana on Wednesday (16 February). Leading a delegation of businessmen and parliament members, he met with Albanian President Alfred Moisiu, Prime Minister Fatos Nano and other top officials.
The countries of Southeast Europe, especially Albania, are a priority for Turkish foreign policy, Erdogan said, pledging his country's support for Albania's goal of joining NATO.
"NATO membership of Albania will be very important for Balkan countries," he said, adding that Euro-Atlantic integration would provide the region with a "strategic advantage".
Albania is interested in Turkey's experiences with the tourist sector,Turkish entrepreneurs should invest in tourist facilities planned for Albania's coastline.
There are perfect relations in the political and military arenas between Turkey and Albania. These relations should be developed in the economic arena as well.
The two leaders (The Albanian and Turkish Prime Ministers) agreed on the need for participation by Turkish firms in the privatisation of strategic sectors of the Albanian economy. To that end, Turkish Transportation Minister Binali Yildirim and Albanian Transport and Telecommunications Minister Spartak Poci signed a maritime co-operation agreement.
Erdogan's meeting with Moisiu focused on bilateral co-operation, the development of economic relations, and regional issues. Moisiu congratulated him on the EU's recent decision to launch accession talks with Turkey.
Erdogan also met with Parliament Speaker Servet Pellumbi and Tirana Mayor Edi Rama, and addressed the Albanian Parliament. He then headed for Bosnia and Herzegovina, the second and final stop on his mini-tour of the Balkans.
German-Albanian relations are close and characterized by a spirit of partnership. Germany is the second-largest bilateral donor and is highly regarded for its efforts to promote the reform process in Albania. Recent successful moves to re-intensify the bilateral dialogue include Federal Minister Struck’s visit to Tirana in December 2003 and the visits to Berlin of the Albanian Minister for Integration and the Albanian Minister for Foreign Affairs in February and March 2004, respectively.
Relations between the two countries were first reactivated in the wake of the democratization process launched in the spring of 1991. The host of bilateral visits since then is an indication of the high level of interest in developing these relations in both countries. Albania is keen to secure German support on its path towards Europe and Germany's continued willingness to sustain its substantial support for the transformation of Albania's economic structures. It is in Germany's interest to contribute to stability within Albania through its support for the democratic transformation process, both bilaterally and within the EU.
These long-term objectives took on a new dimension through developments in Yugoslavia, culminating in the Kosovo crisis in March 1999. Suddenly, the political interest of Germany and other countries turned to Albania and its neighbors. Since the fighting in Kosovo ended the major objective has been to motivate Albania to continue to make its vital contribution to building stability in the region. The planned stabilization and association agreement with the EU gives Albania a reliable European perspective. Not just within the framework of the Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe, Albania regards Germany as an important advocate of its interests.
Economic relations / Development cooperation
Albania’s economy is clearly oriented towards the EU, which takes 92.1% of the country’s exports and supplies 71.2% of its imports. Italy is Albania’s principal trading partner, accounting for 34.5% of all imports and 71.7% of exports, followed by Greece (21.7% / 12.8%) and Germany (5.5% / 5.6%) (2002 figures). Economic relations are increasingly being established with the other Balkan states.
In 2003, the volume of German imports from Albania fell by 6.3% compared with the previous year, to EUR 20.58 million, while German exports to Albania increased by 12.9% to EUR 79.95 million.
Albania’s principal exports to Germany were finished textiles, raw materials for chemical products and food, beverages and tobacco. Albania’s main imports from Germany were vehicles, electrical products and food, beverages and tobacco.
In 2003 the volume of bilateral trade grew 8.4%.
However, with a bilateral trade volume of only EUR 100.4 million in 2003, Albania ranked 129th among Germany’s foreign trade partners.
Albania’s principal imports are machinery, food, beverages, tobacco, building materials and mineral resources. Its main exports are finished products such as textiles and shoes (66% of exports are re-exports) and raw materials.
The few German companies so far active in Albania include BerlinWasser (in Elbasan) and Siemens (telecommunications equipment, airport, medical apparatus, transformer stations). Mercedes-Benz and Volkswagen, Schering and various small and medium-sized enterprises have offices in Albania. Preussag has concluded a joint-venture agreement on oil production with Premier Oil, Alb Petrol and the IFC. There are also some small and medium-sized companies active in the textile sector. The foundation originally set up by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) and the Development Loan Corporation (KfW) to provide funds for small companies has since evolved into an all-purpose bank (ProCredit-Bank) with branches in cities throughout the country.
A German-Albanian Business Association has its headquarters in Berlin.
Possible ways of increasing the engagement of the German business community in Albania are through participation (with government support) in mining and industrial companies, utilities (water, sewage, electricity) and local-infrastructure enterprises (refuse disposal). Also conceivable are cooperation models with Albania in the form of concession agreements, such as are currently under consideration by a number of companies for the transport (airport terminal, cargo handling) and waste-management sectors.
Important economic agreements with Albania:
• Agreement on the Development of Economic, Industrial and Technical Cooperation of 1 June 1988
• Framework Agreement on Technical Cooperation of 21 October 1988
• Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes, in force since 14 November 1991
• Environmental Protection Agreement of 13 October 1992
• Air Traffic Agreement of 22 April 1992, in force since 16 December 1993
• Agreement on the Promotion and Mutual Protection of Investments of 23 November 1994
• Agreement on the Promotion and Protection of Investment of 31 October 1991, which entered into force on 18 August 1995
• Maritime Traffic Agreement of 28 April 1994 (initialled)
• Debt Rescheduling Agreements of 7 July 1994 and 30 November 2001
Bilateral cooperation continues to focus on development policy in order to improve the overall economic situation in Albania. Germany is the second-largest donor after Italy. Priority areas are electricity and water supplies, agriculture, vocational training and promoting the reform process in the field of economic legislation. Capital aid loans are granted on IDA conditions. Since 1990, Germany has made available a total of more than EUR 680 million in government aid to Albania, including Germany’s share in EU assistance to the country. This makes Albania one of the biggest per-capita recipients of German development assistance.
Bilateral trade relations suffer from the limited nature of the Albanian market, legal uncertainty, the lack of Albanian supplies and the country's low purchasing power. In the context of the process of privatizing former state companies, there are opportunities to enter into Build, Operate, Transfer Agreements (BOT) and joint ventures. However, interest in the future privatization of the state-owned insurance company and the fixed-line telephony provider is likely to be confined to large-scale investors, given the large workforce and excessive indebtedness of these enterprises.
Die Realität: Albania's Friends: Italy & Greece
Siehe Lupo's Wirtschaftsthread über Albanien
Zitat von Macedonian
O.K Abgesehen von Serbien , Slawomakedonien die ohnehin antialbanisch eingestellt sind und auch Frankreich , Russland und China (mit denen drei könnte noch freundschaftliche Beziehungen aufgebaut werden) ....zähle ich Bosnien , Kroatien , USA, England , Deutschland , Italien , Rumänien , Türkei und die arabische - islamische Welt zu unseren Freunden...
Selbst die Juden können die Albaner gut leiden
Und Griechenland liegt genau dazwischen , nämlich unseren Feinden und Freunden ...aber das liegt an euch , wenn ihr weiter die Serben weiter unterstützen wollt...ansonsten sehe ich kein Hindernis für einen griechischen-albanischen Freundschaft ...für mich ist es sogar notwendig wenn ich mir an die Bulgaren denke die vielleicht gegen Albanien und Griechenland wegen Makedonien eine Offensive starten wollen...
Es wäre auch nicht schlecht wenn die Beziehungen mit denn Serben sich bessern würde , aber ....
Italien und Griechenland spielen die wichtigste Rolle für die Albaner.
Zitat von Macedonian
Salih Berisha wird das noch etwas lernen müssen. Er hat hier Anfänger Fehler gemacht, als er wieder Regierungs Chef wurde.
Die Türken spielen im Handel, aber auch mit dem Stahlwerk in Elbansan und der Werft in Durres durchaus auch eine wichtige Rolle.
Deutschland????? Die haben zuoft mit kriminellen Politikern gearbeitet, wie zuletzt mit Angjeli. siehe Beiträge Hochtief, Berlin Wasser etc.
Du weißt ja was für eine bessere Beziehung zu tun ist....
Zitat von Albanesi2
PS: In meinen Augen hat Albanien überhauptkeine Freunde oder gute Beziehungen zu irgendjemanden!
Allein deswegen weil Albanien keine Geschichte hat.
Unter Freunde verstehe ich vor allem im Moment, Länder welche besonders wichtig sind für Albanien. Die pumpen am meisten Geld hinein in das Sumpf Loch Albanien.
Aber es dürfte wohl jetzt besser werden.
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