In the 19th century there was a strong cultural and political movement of "Serb-Catholics" in Dubrovnik. All notable citizens of Dubrovnik, among them the catholic pristers such as Ivan Stojanović
, considered themselves Serbs. There is a common misinterpretation that movement was sponsored and established by Serbia
. However, Serbia didn't get independency and the possibility of international agitation before 1878. Serbian cultural movement in Dubrovnik on the other side has raised in the 1820s and 1830s. There is a genuine statement on the national matter in the Dubrovnik almanac "Durbovnik - cvijet narodnoga knjizetva" from 1851:
"I mi Srbi, neki smo iztočne crkve, neki zapadne, neki uniatske, a neki preli smo na tursku vjeru; nita manje svi smo Srbi, ter sastavljamo srbsko pleme, kojima god srbsko narečie jest narečie materinsko. Ima nas preko pet miliona, a ivemo u Dalmaciji, u Ercegovini, u Crnojgori, u nekim predjelima gornje Albanije i Mačedonije, u Srbiji, u Slavoniji i u junoj Ungariji [Vojvodini]."