Zur (ehem.) makedonischen Minderheit in Griechenland
Erstellt von Schiptar, 26.12.2005, 22:20 Uhr · 26 Antworten · 1.406 Aufrufe
Zur (ehem.) makedonischen Minderheit in Griechenland
European Commission Against Racism and Intolerance Recommends that Greece Recognize Macedonian Minority
European Commission Against Racism and Intolerance
Third report on Greece
Adopted on 5 December 2003 and made public on 8 June 2004
The following is an excerpt from ECRI's report. For the full text, please see the link below:
Macedonians and other minority groups
80. In its second report, ECRI encouraged the authorities to ensure that all groups in Greece, Macedonians and Turks included, could exercise their rights to freedom of association and freedom of expression in accordance with international legal standards.
81. ECRI notes that the Greek authorities are more ready to recognise the existence of minority groups in Greece, such as the Pomaks or the Roma, including the fact that certain members of these groups have a native language other than Greek. However, other groups still encounter difficulties, the Macedonians and Turks for example. Even today, persons wishing to express their Macedonian, Turkish or other identity incur the hostility of the population. They are targets of prejudices and stereotypes, and sometimes face discrimination, especially in the labour market. In the Sidiropoulos and others v. Greece judgment of 10 July 1998, the European Court of Human Rights found that the refusal to register the association "Home of Macedonian Civilisation" constituted an interference with the freedom of association as guaranteed by Article 11 of the European Convention on Human Rights. ECRI deplores the fact that, five years after the decision of the European Court of Human Rights, this association has still not been registered despite the repeated applications made by its members. ECRI notes that similar cases are currently before the Greek courts concerning registration of associations whose title includes the adjective "Turkish".
82. ECRI stresses that the authorities took a first positive step on the path of reconciliation by opening their borders for a few days during the summer of 2003 to persons of Macedonian origin compelled to leave Greece in the civil war when most were only children. ECRI nevertheless deplores the fact that persons holding a passport in which the name of their birthplace in Greece was indicated in the Macedonian and not the Greek form were refused entry to Greek territory.
83. ECRI notes that representatives of the Macedonian community have asked the authorities to recognise their right to self-identification, as well as the existence of a Macedonian national minority in Greece. They have also called for the ratification of the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities and of the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages, considering that this step could improve their situation in Greece.
84. ECRI encourages the Greek authorities to take further steps toward the recognition of the freedom of association and expression of members of the Macedonian and Turkish communities living in Greece. It welcomes the gesture of reconciliation made by the Greek authorities towards the ethnic Macedonian refugees from the civil war, and strongly encourages them to proceed further in this direction in a non-discriminatory way.
85. ECRI also recommends that the Greek authorities closely examine the allegations of discrimination and intolerant acts against Macedonians, Turks and others, and, if appropriate, take measures to punish such acts.
86. ECRI strongly recommends the Greek authorities to open a dialogue with the Macedonians' representatives in order to find a solution to the tensions between this group and the authorities, as well as between it and the population at large, so that co-existence with mutual respect may be achieved in everyone's interests.
2005 Resolution of the Refugee Children of the Greek Civil War
We the Refugee Children of the Greek Civil War, who have endured inhumane treatment from Greek Governments since 1946, who were born in Aegean Macedonia and who are scattered throughout the world, have gathered together in this Fourth World Meeting at the Macedonian center of Eling in Melbourne, Australia, to bring you the latest resolution. We demand:
1. Human and national rights for all Macedonians living inside Greece.
2. That Greece, who is a member of the European Union and a signatory to guarantees of human rights for all its citizens, including the Macedonians, fulfills its obligations.
3. That the Greek Government repeal the law enacted in 1982 designed to repatriate only “Greeks by birth”. Greek citizens who were Greek by birth and had left Greece from 1946 to 1949, were allowed to return to Greece. Macedonians were excluded.
4. That the Greek Government repeal the law enacted in 1985 designed to return confiscated properties belonging to only “Greeks by birth”. War refugees who were “Greeks by birth” and had returned to Greece from 1982 to 1985 were given back their properties. Macedonians were again excluded.
With these two laws the Greek State has taken away our Greek citizenship and our lands. Because we are Macedonians, non-Greeks by birth, our homes and properties have been confiscated and awarded to settlers and colonists from Asia Minor and other places.
We demand that the Government of the Republic of Macedonia become openly and actively involved in the fight for human rights for the Macedonians living inside Greece. Thus far, past Macedonian governments have been silent on this issue and have allowed the Greek State to continue discriminating against its Greek citizens of Macedonian descent.
We the persecuted Refugee Macedonian-by-birth-Children, who have lived free everywhere in the world since our exodus from Greece, demand that we are allowed to enter Greece and visit our birth place and ancestral lands freely and without restrictions.
We also demand that all Macedonians living in Greece;
1. Be allowed to freely speak their Macedonian language at home, on the streets and in institutions where Macedonians live.
2. Be granted the freedom to communicate freely among themselves and their Macedonian language be taught in schools, spoken in churches and used in the mass media.
3. Be allowed to freely practice the Macedonian culture and traditions that have existed among Macedonians for ages.
We wish to emphasize that we want nothing more from the Greek State and the Greek Government than what is already defined as “human rights” and granted to every person on this planet by world institutions. We only want what Greece has already guaranteed its citizens and minorities in accordance with world standards.
Fourth World Meeting of the Refugee Children,
October 15, 2005
To: The Government of Greece,
Copies to: The Government of Australia,
The Government of the Republic of Macedonia
Relevant World Institutions.
Quelle: Fourth World Meeting of the Refugee Children, Melbourne, Australia, October 15, 2005
United Macedonian Diaspora Letter to Greek President Karolos Papoulias
NOVEMBER 1st, 2005
WASHINGTON, D.C. - - The United Macedonian Diaspora sends letter on November 1, 2005 to the President of the Hellenic Republic, His Excellency, President Karolos Papoulias regarding his recent "invitation to all those disputing the Hellenic character of Macedonia to visit the findings unearthed by archaeological excavations in Vergina."
His Excellency, President Karolos Papoulias
c/o His Excellency, Ambassador Alexandros P. Mallias
Embassy of Greece
2221 Massachusetts Ave. N.W.
Washington, DC 20008
VIA FACSIMILE: (202) 939-1324
We are writing in reference to your recent "invitation to all those disputing the Hellenic character of Macedonia to visit the findings unearthed by archaeological excavations in Vergina." The United Macedonian Diaspora is not disputing the authenticity of the archeological excavations in Vergina. But can you explain to us what they have to do with modern state sponsored racial, national origin, and religious discrimination in modern Greece? Are you implying that because the ancient Macedonians shared a similar architecture with the ancient city-states that the Macedonians were Greek? Are you implying that because the ancient Macedonian royal court utilized the international ancient Koine language with the city-states that the Macedonians were Greek?
What exactly did you mean when you said you are issuing an "invitation to all those disputing the Hellenic character of Macedonia to visit the findings unearthed by archaeological excavations in Vergina?" This does not justify racism or ethnic discrimination by your government.
Your Excellency, you can find buildings with Athenian architecture in the United States today. However, this does not mean all Americans are Greek. You will also find Latin inscriptions on those same buildings. This does not mean all Americans are Romans.
If the ancient Macedonians shared some common elements with the neighboring ancient city-states, then this does not automatically make them kin. In fact, there is evidence reinforcing the notion that the ancient Greeks and the ancient Macedonians were two separate cultures and nations. Therefore, we respectfully ask, how are these ancient excavations, at all, germane to the modern inequities of the current Greek government?
It is well known, Your Excellency, that modern Greece was created for the first time in 1829. It is also public knowledge that modern Greece invaded, occupied and, with its partners Serbia and Bulgaria, partitioned Macedonia circa 1912-1913. The fact is, Your Excellency, that Macedonia was never Greek before the 1912-1913 invasion and occupation.
The United Macedonian Diaspora invites you to explain the Hellenic character of Macedonia and what it has to do with contemporary Greek state sponsored racial, ethnic, and religious discrimination today?
Specifically, how do you justify the current Greek Government’s state sponsored racial, national origin, and religious discrimination against Greek citizens of Macedonian national origin; especially, as a member state to the European Union and the Council of Europe? The express bold faced discrimination by your government was recently acknowledged by the European Court of Human Rights in their decisions holding that: 1) there is a Macedonian minority in Greece, and 2) that the Macedonian people are the continuous victims of Greek and Bulgarian state sponsored discrimination. The findings of the Court are consistent with findings of the United Nations, of the United States Department of State, and of various independent human rights agencies worldwide.
Your Excellency, do you not believe that it is time for the Greek Government to face reality and recognize that the ancient Macedonian heritage belongs to the Macedonians? This Macedonian heritage also belongs to the same tortured and discriminated Macedonians who today live in Greece without even the most basic human rights, especially the right to speak their own Macedonian language.
As you are well aware, Your Excellency, after the Balkan Wars in 1913 Greece annexed a large portion of Macedonia. Nonetheless, the Republic of Macedonia has never demanded border changes, nor does it object to the use of the name "Makedonia" to designate the Northern Province in Greece. With that said, there is absolutely no reason whatsoever for Greece to maintain it has the exclusive rights to the Macedonian name. Greece is Greece and Macedonia is Macedonia.
Your Excellency, we anticipate you will exhibit wisdom, courage and good will in recognizing, without delay, the Macedonian minority in your country. We urge you to stop interfering in the affairs of the Republic of Macedonia, and recognize our country by its constitutional name. We urge you to grant full and equal rights for all citizens born in Greece, despite their race, ethnicity, or religion.
Your Excellency, this is the 21st century and we need to think progressively toward the future. Let us bury the past and continue to build long standing relations between these two neighboring countries that share common interests in economic prosperity, religion, and peace in the region.
United Macedonian Diaspora
Quelle: United Macedonian Diaspora, November 1, 2005
Greece Seriously Violates the International Media Freedom Standards
By Goran Momirovski
Greece didn't allow A1 (the Macedonian TV station) to enter Greece and report on the Macedonian minority in Lerin (Florina). This doesn't come as a surprise to the Macedonians in Greece. For them, the medium embargo is a part of a wider Greek strategy to stop any information about the Macedonian minority in Greece. The Greek nationalism is behind this strategy.
The political party of the Macedonian minority in Greece, Rainbow, says that is asking for noting more than what is in Europe accepted as standard.
"What we are asking for, as a political body, is for Greece to implement all international standards and conventions, not just for the Macedonian minority, but also for every other minority in Greece today." Says Pavle Voskopolos, a member of the collective leadership of Rainbow.
The fight for civil rights of the Macedonian in Greece is joined by the "Macedonian children refugees" from the civil war in Greece, who are trying to get back the rights that they've lost after Greece brought into effect a couple of laws in the eighties.
Their goal is to, with help from the court for Human rights in Strasburg, return the Greeks citizenship to the "children refugees" of the civil war.
"We ask that two discriminatory laws are eliminated, and that we are get equal rights to the Greek citizens, so we can return to our birth paces," says Georgi Donevski, a general secretary of the association of the "children refugees" from Egian Macedonia.
Greek's ban to A1 to film a report in Lerin is a serious violation of the international standards, says the association for the South East Europe Media Organisation (SEEMO).
"This is a serious violation of the freedom of media. In Monday morning this case will be officially protested and reported by SEEMO and IPI. We hope that this is a last time for the Greek government to treat the foreign media this way," says Yorgos Papadakis, SEEMO executive board member.
Twenty days after A1 officially asked for a permission to visit Lerin, there has been no explanation from the Greece why A1 can't visit Florina (Lerin). It remains unclear why Greece a member of EU, doesn't allow Macedonian media to do any reporting from Greece.
Twenty days ago Albania allowed A1 to enter Albania and report on the political activity of the Macedonians in that country.
liefer mal bitte kleine übersetzungen zu deinen artikeln!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!11
Schau dir mal die ''Quellen'' genau an
Zitat von radeon
Zitat von Macedonian
ahh, i see
Oh es kann also doch Englisch!
Zitat von radeon
Zitat von Schiptar
englisch kann ich. Bloss hab ich kein bock mich durch seitenlangen text zu wälzen.
Dann hättest Du um eine Zusammenfassung, nicht um eine Übersetzung ersuchen sollen.
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