Ende nächstes Jahres wird Europa die Veranwortung für den Kosovo übernehmen.


EU urged to prepare possible Kosovo police mission

BRUSSELS - The European Union should begin preparations for a possible move
to take over the policing of Kosovo from the United Nations, foreign
ministers of the bloc will be urged on Monday.

The proposal is part of a report by EU foreign policy chief Javier Solana
and Enlargement Commissioner Olli Rehn that makes clear that the EU seeks a
leading role alongside others in the Serbian breakaway province once its
future has been settled.

"The EU could take on responsibilities in the police and rule of law and
certain economic areas," said the report, a summary of which was seen by

"Contingency planning for a possible ESDP mission on police and rule of law
should start," it added, using the acronym for EU security and defense
operations. The report will be discussed by EU foreign ministers meeting in
Brussels on Monday.

Kosovo has been a U.N. protectorate since 1999, when 78 days of NATO bombing
drove out Serb forces accused of atrocities against civilians while fighting
an ethnic Albanian insurgency.

The report said the EU's future role in Kosovo will depend on how
internationally-backed talks manage to resolve the gap between Serbia's
insistence on sovereignty and the Albanian majority's demands for

But the bloc is seen seeking a lighter presence there than in Bosnia, where
its special representative Paddy Ashdown is also the United Nations' top
official in the country.

"The future international civilian presence after UNMIK shall ... not be
EUMIK," the report said, rejecting the option of a wholesale takeover of the
U.N. Mission in Kosovo by any future EU mission, dubbed EUMIK.

The United Nations does everything from maintaining law and order and
supporting reconstruction of the province to basic civilian administrative

Solana has already said he does not see any prospect for the time being of
the EU taking over security from the 17,000-strong NATO-led KFOR force in

EU diplomats hope that diplomacy launched last month by U.N. envoy Martti
Ahtisaari to determine Kosovo's future status will come up with an accord by
the end of next year.

The EU has not made any formal link between the status talks and
Serbia-Montenegro's aspirations ultimately to join the bloc but diplomats
say it is difficult to see how it could join without a solution to the
Kosovo dispute.


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