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Die neue Verfassung - So sieht sie aus

Erstellt von Grobar, 27.10.2006, 17:02 Uhr · 14 Antworten · 898 Aufrufe

  1. #1
    Avatar von Grobar

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    Die neue Verfassung - So sieht sie aus

    Da es bald soweit ist und viel geredet wird hier mal der Text der Verfassung und links:

    So soll die neue aussehen:
    Neue Verfasssung- englisch- zip - pdf
    als Auszug die erste sektion:
    CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA
    SECTION ONE
    CONSTITUTION PRINCIPLES
    Republic of Serbia


    Article 1
    Republic of Serbia is a state of Serbian people and all citizens who live in it, based on the rule of law and social justice, principles of civil democracy, human and minority rights and freedoms, and commitment to European principles and values.
    Sovereignty holders

    Article 2
    Sovereignty is vested in citizens who exercise it through referendums, people’s initiative and freely elected representatives.
    No state body, political organization, group or individual may usurp the sovereignty from the citizens, nor establish government against freely expressed will of the citizens.
    Rule of law

    Article 3
    Rule of law is a fundamental prerequisite for the Constitution which is based on inalienable human rights.
    The rule of law shall be exercised through free and direct elections, constitutional guarantees of human and minority rights, separation of power, independent judiciary and observance of Constitution and Law by the authorities.
    Division of power

    Article 4
    The legal system is unique.
    Government system shall be based on the division of power into legislative, executive and judiciary.
    Relation between three branches of power shall be based on balance and mutual control.
    Judiciary power shall be independent.
    Political parties

    Article 5
    The role of political parties in democratic shaping of the political will of the citizens shall be guaranteed and recognized.
    Political parties may be established freely.
    Activities of political parties aiming at forced overthrow of constitutional system, violation of guaranteed human or minority rights, inciting racial, national or religious hatred, shall be prohibited.
    Political parties may not exercise power directly or submit it to their control.
    Prohibition of the conflict of interests

    Article 6
    No person may perform a state or public function in conflict with their other functions, occupation or private interests.
    The presence of conflict of interest and liability for its resolution shall be regulated by the Constitution and Law.
    Coat of arms, flag and national anthem

    Article 7
    The Republic of Serbia shall have coat of arms, flag and national anthem.
    The coat of arms of the Republic of Serbia shall be used in the form of the Large Coat of Arms and Small Coat of Arms.
    The flag of the Republic of Serbia shall exist and be used as the National Flag and State Flag.
    National anthem of the Republic of Serbia shall be official song "Bože pravde".
    Appearance and use of the coat of arms, flag and national anthem shall be regulated by law.
    Territory and border

    Article 8
    The territory of the Republic of Serbia is inseparable and indivisible.
    The border of the Republic of Serbia is inviolable and may be altered in a procedure applied to amend the Constitution.
    Capital City

    Article 9
    The capital city of the Republic of Serbia is Belgrade.
    Language and script

    Article 10
    Serbian language and Cyrillic script shall be in official use in the Republic of Serbia.

    Official use of other languages and scripts shall be regulated by the law based on the Constitution.
    Secularity of the State

    Article 11
    The Republic of Serbia is a secular state.

    Churches and religious communities shall be separated from the state.

    No religion may be established as state or mandatory religion.

    Provincial autonomy and local self-government

    Article 12
    State power is restricted by the right of citizens to provincial autonomy and local self-government.

    The right of citizens to provincial autonomy and local self-government shall be subjected only to supervision of constitutionality and legality.

    Protection of citizens and Serbs abroad

    Article 13
    The Republic of Serbia shall protect the rights and interests of its citizens in abroad.

    The Republic of Serbia shall develop and promote relations of Serbs living abroad with the kin state.
    Protection of national minorities

    Article 14
    The Republic of Serbia shall protect the rights of national minorities.

    The State shall guarantee special protection to national minorities for the purpose of exercising full equality and preserving their identity.

    Gender equality

    Article 15
    The State shall guarantee the equality of women and men and develop equal opportunities policy.

    International relations

    Article 16
    The foreign policy of the Republic of Serbia shall be based on generally accepted principles and rules of international law.

    Generally accepted rules of international law and ratified international treaties shall be an integral part of the legal system in the Republic of Serbia and applied directly.

    Ratified international treaties must be in accordance with the Constitution.

    Status of foreign nationals

    Article 17
    Pursuant to international treaties, foreign nationals in the Republic of Serbia shall have all rights guaranteed by the Constitution and law with the exception of rights to which only the citizens of the Republic of Serbia are entitled under the Constitution and law.


    Für alle die gern mal einen Blick hineinwerfen möchten( was auch ich seither nicht in ausreichendem Masse getan hab)

  2. #2

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    jo

  3. #3
    Avatar von Grobar

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    Auch nicht schlecht:
    PART FOUR
    COMPETENCES OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA
    Competences of the Republic of Serbia
    The Republic of Serbia shall organise and provide for:

    1. sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity and security of the Republic of
    Serbia, its international status and relations with other countries and
    international organisations;

    2. exercise and protection of freedoms and rights of citizens; constitutionality
    and legality; proceedings before courts and other state bodies; liabilities and
    sanctions for violation of freedoms and rights of citizens stipulated by the
    Constitution and for violation of laws, other regulations and general acts;
    amnesty and pardon for criminal offences;

    3. territorial organisation of the Republic of Serbia; system of local selfgovernment;

    4. defence and security of the Republic of Serbia and its citizens; measures in
    case of the state of emergency;

    5. system of crossing the border and control of the trade in goods, services and
    passenger traffic over border crossing; status of foreigners and foreign legal
    entities;

    6. single market; legal status of business entities; system of performing
    particular economic and other activities; commodity reserves; monetary,
    banking, foreign exchange and customs system; international economic
    relations; system of foreign credit relations; fiscal system;

    7. property and bonded relations and protection of all types of assets;

    8. system in the area of labour relations, protection at work, employment, social
    insurance and other forms of social security; other economic and social
    relations of public interest;

    9. sustainable development; system of protection and improvement of
    environment; protection and improvement of flora and fauna; production,
    trade and transport of arms, poisonous, inflammable, explosive, radioactive
    and other hazardous substances;

    10. system in areas of health care, social security, protection of war veterans and
    the disabled , protection of children, education, culture and protection of
    cultural goods, sport, public information, system of public services;

    11. control of legality of managing resources of legal entities; financial audit of
    public finances; collection of statistical and other data of public interest;

    12. development of the Republic of Serbia, policy and measures for spurring
    balanced development of particular areas of the Republic of Serbia, including
    the development of underdeveloped areas; organisation and utilisation of
    space; scientific and technological development;

    13. regime and security in all areas of transport,

    14. holidays and symbols of the Republic of Serbia;

    15. funding of exercising rights and duties of the Republic of Serbia, stipulated by
    the Constitution and Law;

    16. organisation, competences and work of the bodies of the Republic;

    17. other relations of interest to the Republic of Serbia, in accordance with the
    Constitution.

  4. #4
    Avatar von Grobar

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    Hier die BOMBE:

    Election
    Article 114

    The President of the Republic shall be elected on direct elections, by secret
    ballot, in accordance with the Law.

    Elections for the President of the Republic shall be scheduled by the
    Chairman of the National Assembly, 90 days before the end of term of office of the
    President of the Republic, so that elections finish within the following 60 days, in
    accordance with the Law.

    While assuming the office, the President of the Republic shall take the
    following oath before the National Assembly:

    “I do solemnly swear that I will devote all my efforts to preserve the
    sovereignty and integrity of the territory of the Republic of Serbia, including Kosovo
    and Metohija as its constituent part, as well as to provide exercise of human and
    minority rights and freedoms, respect and protection of the Constitution and laws,
    preservation of peace and welfare of all citizens of the Republic of Serbia and
    perform all my duties conscientiously and responsibly.”

  5. #5
    Avatar von Grobar

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    Hier die Armee:
    6. The Army of Serbia
    Competences


    Article 139
    The Army of Serbia shall defend the country from external armed threat and
    perform other missions and tasks, in accordance with the Constitution, Law and
    principles of international law, which regulate the use of force.
    Use of the Army outside the borders

    Article 140
    The Army of Serbia may be used outside the borders of the Republic of
    Serbia only upon the decision of the National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia.
    Control over the Army of Serbia

    Article 141
    The Army of Serbia shall be subject to democratic and civil control.
    The Law on the Army of Serbia shall be enacted.

  6. #6
    Avatar von Grobar

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    Staatsbürgerschaft Grundsätzlich:
    Right to citizenship

    Article 38

    Acquiring and terminating citizenship of the Republic of Serbia shall be
    regulated by the law.
    A citizen of the Republic of Serbia may not be expelled or deprived of
    citizenship or the right to change it.
    Any child born in the Republic of Serbia shall have the right to citizenship of
    the Republic of Serbia unless conditions have been met to acquire citizenship of some
    other country.

  7. #7
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    Religion Grundsätzlich:
    Churches and religious communities
    Article 44


    Churches and religious communities are equal and separated from the
    state.
    Churches and religious communities shall be equal and free to organize
    independently their internal structure, religious matters, to perform religious rites in public,
    to establish and manage religious schools, social and charity institutions, in accordance
    with the law.
    Constitutional Court may ban a religious community only if its activities
    infringe the right to life, right to mental and physical health, the rights of child, right to
    personal and family integrity, public safety and order, or if it incites religious, national or
    racial intolerance.

  8. #8
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    und für die alten Gewerkschaftler:
    Right to strike
    Article 61

    The employed shall have the right to strike in accordance with the law and
    collective agreement.
    The right to strike may be restricted only by the law in accordance with
    nature or type of business activity.

  9. #9
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    Gut, gut, gut:
    Freedom of scientific and artistic creativity
    Article 73


    Scientific and artistic creativity shall be unrestricted.
    Authors of scientific and artistic works shall be guaranteed moral and
    material rights in accordance with the law.
    The Republic of Serbia shall assist and promote development of
    science, culture and art.

  10. #10
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    Jetzt aber, Minderheiten Grundsätzlich:
    3. Rights of Persons Belonging to National Minorities
    Basic Provision
    Article 75


    Persons belonging to national minorities shall be guaranteed special individual or
    collective rights in addition to the rights guaranteed to all citizens by the Constitution.
    Individual rights shall be exercised individually and collective rights in community with
    others, in accordance with the Constitution, law and international treaties.
    Persons belonging to national minorities shall take part in decision-making
    or decide independently on certain issues related to their culture, education, information
    and official use of languages and script through their collective rights in accordance with
    the law.
    Persons belonging to national minorities may elect their national councils in
    order to exercise the right to self-governance in the field of culture, education, information
    and official use of their language and script, in accordance with the law.

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