Greek Cypriot academic tells of massacre of 32 Turkish Cypriots
Ronaldos Kacaunis a Greek Cypriot history professor in an Oxford University, made some striking statements about the massacre of 32 Turkish Cypriots in Famagusta during the 1963 armed assaults against the Turkish Cypriot community. He is reported to have said: “They took them somewhere and killed them and later they buried them in mass graves.” Ronaldos Kacaunis spoke to Haravagi newspaper, known for its closeness to Demetris Christofis the president of the Greek Cyprus state. He said that there were many witnesses to the incident that was also documented by UN reports on mass grave as proof of the Greek Cypriot crimes. The Greek Cypriot academic Ronaldos Kacaunis talked about the horror he experienced.
“A car with 3 Greek officers and the son of the Nicosia Police Department entered the Turkish quarter of the city. The Turks stopped them and fired at the car. Only one of them came back alive. The next day a group of Greek Cypriots arrested Turkish Cypriots working in banks and shops in the Greek Cypriot quarter. The 32 Turkish civilians had nothing to do with the previous day’s incidents. They took them somewhere and killed them. Later they buried them in a mass grave.”
There are still mass graves
The Greek Cypriot academic said: “The violence against the Turkish Cypriots was a preplanned and organised crime,” and that “These Greek Cypriots were the members of a group who were applying something we called an ‘eye for an eye’. The Famagusta police (Greek Cypriot) knew this right from the beginning. So many Turkish Cypriots were rounded up from banks and shops at various points of the city centre in the middle of the day. They put them in covered cars and took them to a village outside the city. They shot them and buried the bodies in a mass grave. It is impossible for the police to deny this. Still today when the subject comes up, I hear that there are mass graves of Turkish Cypriots in various places.”
Answering the question: “Is this mass murder noted by the authorities?” he replied: “Of course it is recorded in UN documents.” Kacaunis then said: “The UN Peacekeeping Force and the Red Cross looked for those 32 Turkish Cypriots for months but could not find where they were buried. Under the conditions in those days, this action was eventually abandoned. The identities of the criminals were not made known, they were not tried, and it was not even discussed.”
Massacre of women and children
Kacaunis also said that, especially between 1963 and 64, the nationalist groups, especially Nicos Sampson’s armed groups, committed very serious crimes against the Turkish Cypriots. He gave the Kucuk Kaymakli Raid as an example as well as the Murataga, Atlilar and Sandallar massacres. He went on to say: “More than 100 civilian women and children were massacred.”
He also claimed that behind the violent assaults started by the Greek Cypriots against the Turkish Cypriots was the aim of “abolishing the constitution in order to incorporate Cyprus into Greece (ENOSIS) at an appropriate time.”
After the armed assaults started by the Greek Cypriots on 21 of December 1963 - known as ‘Bloody Christmas’ – according to the researches about Turks, in 1964 thirty-nine villages in the Nicosia District, seven in Kyrenia, forty-nine in Paphos, twenty-one in Larnaca and twenty-one in Famagusta District faced violent assaults. Hundreds of Turkish Cypriots were killed, and thousands were injured and forced to leave their villages. Between these same years, 364 Turkish Cypriots were killed, he stated.